World Dairy Summit 2022


    In News

    • Recently, the Prime Minister inaugurated the International Dairy Federation World Dairy Summit (IDF WDS) 2022 at India Expo Centre and Mart in Greater Noida.
      • The last such dairy summit was held in India about half a century ago in 1974. 

    Major Highlights of the Summit 

    • Theme
      • Dairy for Nutrition and Livelihood.
    • Animal Base scheme 
      • With the help of modern technology, biometric identification of animals is being done under the scheme ‘Animal Base’.
    • Database of dairy animals 
      • India is building the largest database of dairy animals, and every animal associated with the dairy sector is being tagged. 
      • More than 1,000 startups set up in the agriculture and dairy sector in the last 5-6 years.
    • Data on Indian dairy industry
      • Accounts for about 23 percent of global milk.
      • It produces around 210 million tonnes annually, empowering more than 8 crore dairy farmers.
      • Total value of dairy production in the country is about Rs 8.5 lakh crore which is more than the combined value of paddy and wheat production.
    • Pashu dhan
      • The concept of ‘pashu dhan’ and occupations associated with milk has been an important part of the 1,000-year-old Indian culture.
    • Indigenous vaccine for lumpy skin disease
      • Our scientists have developed an indigenous vaccine for lumpy skin disease. Efforts are also being made to control the disease by expediting testing and restricting the movement of animals.

    Characteristics of the Indian dairy sector

    • Small farmers
      • The highest contribution in this sector is from small farmers.
    • Vast network of dairy cooperatives
      • Which are spread across 2-lakh villages involving 2-crore farmers
    • No middle men
      • There are no middle men in this system; more than 70 per cent of the money received from the customers goes directly to the farmers.
    • Indigenous species
      • They can adapt to extreme climates.
    • Role of women in the dairy sector
      • It is a unique feature of the Indian dairy sector. Women make up 70 per cent of the workforce in the sector. The sector provides livelihood to 8-crore families.

    Challenges Faced By the Indian Dairy Sector

    •  New regulation: 
      • Dairy analogues, plant-based products and adulteration pose a major challenge and threat to the dairy industry. The new regulation for analogues and ghee standards has been amended by the Food Safety Standards Authority of India recently.
    • Shortage of feed/fodder:
      • There is an excessive number of unproductive animals which compete with productive dairy animals in the utilisation of available feeds and fodder.  
      • The grazing area is being reduced markedly every year due to industrial development resulting in a shortage of supply of feed and fodder to the total requirement.
    • Education and Training:
      • Lack of vigorous education and training programmes on good dairy practices in India mostly in rural areas.
    • Health:
      • Veterinary health care centres are located in far off places. The ratio between cattle population and veterinary institution is wider, resulting in inadequate health services to animals.
    • Hygiene Conditions:
      • Many cattle owners do not provide proper shelter to their cattle leaving them exposed to extreme climatic conditions which further leads to mastitis conditions.
    • High import duty:
      • The constraints being faced in exports i.e market access issues in China, EU, South Africa and Mexico, high import duty charged by SAARC and neighbouring countries such as Bangladesh (35%) and Pakistan (45%).

    Initiatives Related to the Dairy sector

    • “Dairy Sahakar” scheme
      • Union Minister of Home Affairs and Corporation launched the “Dairy Sahakar” scheme at Anand, Gujarat, during the function organised by Amul for the celebration of the 75th Foundation Year of Amul
        • The Dairy Sahakar with a total investment of Rs 5000 crore will be implemented by NCDC under the Ministry of Cooperation to realize the vision, “from cooperation to prosperity”.  
    • Rashtriya Gokul Mission (RGM): It has been launched in December 2014 with an outlay of Rs 2025 crore for the development and conservation of indigenous breeds through selective breeding in the breeding tract and genetic up-gradation of the nondescript bovine population.
    • National Animal Disease Control Programme (NADCP): It is a flagship scheme launched in September 2019 for control of Foot & Mouth Disease and Brucellosis by vaccinating 100% cattle, buffalo, sheep, goat and pig population for FMD and 100% bovine female calves of 4-8 months of age for brucellosis in five years (2019-20 to 2023-24).
    • Animal Husbandry Infrastructure Development (AHIDF): It has been approved for incentivizing investments by individual entrepreneurs, private companies, MSME, Farmers Producers Organizations (FPOs) and Section 8 companies to establish 
      • The dairy processing and value addition infrastructure.
      • Meat processing and value addition infrastructure.
      • Animal Feed Plant.
    • Dairy Entrepreneurship Development Scheme (DEDS): The department of Animal Husbandry, dairying and fisheries is implementing DEDS for generating self-employment opportunities in the dairy sector, covering activities such as enhancement of milk production, procurement, preservation, transportation, processing and marketing of milk by providing back ended capital subsidy for bankable projects. 
    • Pashu-Aadhar: It is a unique ID on a digital platform for traceability for the animals.
    • National Digital Livestock Mission(NDLM) 
      • It is a digital platform being developed jointly by the Department of Animal Husbandry and Dairying (DAHD) and NDDB on the foundation of the existing Information Network for Animal Productivity and Health (INAPH).
      • The bedrock of NDLM will be the unique identification of all livestock, which will be the foundation for all the state and national level programmes including domestic and international trade. 
    • Livestock Health & Disease Control (LH&DC) Scheme
      • It aims to reduce risk to animal health by prophylactic vaccination against diseases of animals, capacity building of Veterinary services, disease surveillance and strengthening veterinary infrastructure. 
    • Dairy Processing and Infrastructure Development Fund (DIDF) Scheme
      • Launched: 21st December 2017
      • Objectives: To modernize the milk processing & chilling plants including value addition
    • E-GOPALA: The web version of the e-GOPALA application developed by the National Dairy Development Board (NDDB) has been launched to aid dairy farmers. 
    • Gopal Ratna Award 2021
      • It was launched by the Department in 2021 and is one of the highest National Awards in the field of livestock and dairy sector. 
    • Nationwide Artificial Insemination Programme:
      • It was initiated in September 2019 and under the programme, AI services are delivered free of cost at farmers’ doorstep.  
    • Launching of Breed Multiplication farm Portal
      • Breed Multiplication Farm Portal was launched on 26th November 2021 to receive an online application from interested private individuals/ Entrepreneurs, FPOs, SHGs, FCOs, JLGs, and Section 8 companies for breed multiplication farms.
    •  Launching of Dairy mark
      • The National Dairy Development Board (NDDB) and Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS) together developed a dedicated ‘Dairy Mark’ logo as a unified quality mark across India to boost the confidence of consumers in milk and milk products.
      • A unified Conformity Assessment Scheme has been chalked out by BIS with the help of NDDB after extensive stakeholder consultations.

    Way Forward

    • The Indian dairy sector is known more for production by masses than mass production.
    • The per capita availability of milk in India is higher than the world average.
    • Increase in production: India produced 146 million tonnes of milk in 2014. It has now increased to 210 million tonnes. That is, an increase of about 44 per cent.
    • Growth: compared to the 2 per cent production growth at the global level, India is clocking the milk production growth rate at more than 6 per cent.
    • Vaccination: by 2025 thade government will vaccinate 100% of the animals against foot and mouth disease and brucellosis.

    Source: TH