Document on terror acts at the UN Security Council.

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    In News

    • Recently India’s Permanent Representative to the United Nations circulated a document on terror acts at the UN Security Council. 

    More about the document highlights

    • Categorising terrorism:
      • The document stated that the era of classifying terrorists as “bad” or “good” on the basis of “political convenience” must end immediately.
      • It also stated that categorising terror acts as “bad” or “good” on intent as religious or ideologically motivated will dilute the shared global commitment to fighting terrorism.
    • Recent history of terror attacks:
      • The terrorist attacks in New York on September 11, 2001, were a turning point in the global approach to counter-terrorism. 
      • Since then, London, Mumbai, Paris, and many parts of West Asia and Africa have also experienced terrorist attacks.
    • Transnational threat of terrorism:
      • Terrorist actors and their supporters, facilitators, and financiers collaborate while remaining in different jurisdictions to organise acts anywhere in the world. 
      • A transnational threat can be defeated only by the collective efforts of all States Members of the United Nations.
      • It said that existing and emerging threats call for a renewed collective approach to terrorism.
    • Terrorism sheltering in Afghanistan:
      • The threat posed by the Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant-Khorasan, Al-Qaida, Al-Qaida in the Indian Subcontinent and terrorist groups sheltering in Afghanistan has increased following the takeover of Kabul by the Taliban in August 2021.
    • Terrorism from Africa:
      • Africa’s home-grown terrorist groups have found ideological support from global terrorist groups such as Al-Qaida and ISIL.
    • Radicalisation through the internet:
      • The risk of radicalisation through the Internet and social media, and terror financing using cryptocurrencies and crowdfunding platforms, was heightened, particularly during the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic.

    India’s presidency at UNSC

    • About:
      • India assumed the monthly presidency of the United Nations Security Council (UNSC).
      • This is the second time of monthly presidency in India’s two-year tenure as an elected member of the Council in 2021-22.
        • India had earlier assumed the UNSC presidency in August 2021.
    • Events:
      • India in its presidency will hold two signature events on reformed multilateralism and counter-terrorism
        • India’s External Affairs Minister will chair the events.
      • India also proposed to organise a briefing of the Security Council on ‘Global counter-terrorism approach – principles and the way forward”
        • The briefing will be organised under the ‘Threats to international peace and security caused by terrorist acts’ subject.

    Terrorism

    • An offence to intimidate a population or to compel a government or an international organisation to do or abstain from doing any act, which causes:
    • Death or serious bodily injury to any person.
    • Serious damage to public or private property, including a place of public use, a State or government facility, a public transportation system, an infrastructure facility or the environment.
    • Damage to property, places, facilities, or systems resulting in or likely to result in a major economic loss.
    • It encompasses a range of complex threats like organized terrorism in conflict zones, foreign terrorist fighters, radicalised ‘lone wolves’, etc.
    • Factors Responsible for Growth of Terrorism:
      • State-sponsorship and safe havens.
      • State-of-the-art communication systems.
      • Access to advanced technology.
      • Networking of terrorist groups with the criminal underworld.

    Source: TH