Badri cow

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    In News

    • Recently, Uttarakhand plans genetic enhancement of its indigenous Badri cow.
      • This includes Sex-sorted semen and embryo transfer technology to improve the production of the cattle as part of the ten-year State plan. 

    About Badri cow

    • Badri/Pahari desi cow is a native cow species of Uttarakhand.
    • Badri cow is the first registered cattle breed of Uttarakhand which has been certified by the National Bureau of Animal Genetic Resources (NBAGR).
    • It grazes on the medicinal herbs of the Himalayas. 
      • It is far away from toxic pollution, polythene, and other harmful things that cows in the plains eat.
    • Its milk has rich medicinal content and high organic value.

    Issue related with the breed 

    • Its milk production capacity is quite less as it gives one to three liters of milk per day.

    Measures taken by the Government 

    • The state will promote Badri ghee.
    • Marketing of gaumutra ark (distilled cow urine)and cow dung.
    • Panchgavya (the five products of the cow, including milk, curd, ghee, dung, and urine). 
    • New methods to be implemented:
      • Multiple Ovulation Embryo Transfer (MOET): a conventional embryo flush which is the most common procedure used in advanced cattle breeding.
      • Ovum pickup in vitro fertilisation (IVF): It will be used to increase the yield per animal.
      • Introducing Assisted Reproductive Technologies (ART).

    Some Indigenous cattle breeds of India

    • Alambadi, Amritmahal, Gir, Red Sindhi, Sahiwal, Bargur, Hallikar, Kangayam, Pulikulam

    Source:TH