Asian Conference on Diarrhoeal Disease and Nutrition (ASCODD)

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    In News

    • Recently, the 16th Asian Conference on Diarrhoeal Disease and Nutrition (ASCODD) was held at Kolkata. 

    Key Points

    • Theme: “Prevention and control of cholera, typhoid and other enteric diseases in low and middle-income countries through community participation: beyond the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic”.
    • Focus Areas:
      • Epidemiology of cholera and typhoid
      • Roadmap to end Cholera by 2030, Cholera vaccine development and rapid diagnostics, 
      • Contemporary perspectives of antimicrobial resistance of enteric bacteria: new Initiatives and challenges, 
      • Enteric bacterial infections, including Shigella spp, epidemiology, burden, and 
      • vaccines against other viral infections, including Hepatitis, 
      • Lessons learned about diarrhoea research during the COVID pandemic.
    • Achievements of India:
      • India successfully ran a free vaccination program with record break vaccination of more than 219 crores. 
      • India provided vaccinations to other nations so that it can win over the pandemic together. Effective use of safe and affordable vaccines,
      • Various Health initiatives under Digital India initiative:
        • Online Registration System, 
        • eHospital for hospital management, 
        • eSanjeevani telemedicine app 

    Diarrhea 

    • Gastrointestinal infection leading to Loose, watery and possibly more-frequent bowel movements 
    • Caused by: 
      • A Variety of bacterial, viral and parasitic organisms. 
      • Infection is spread through contaminated food or drinking-water, or from person to person as a result of poor hygiene.
    • Associated with other symptoms: nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain or weight loss.
    • Measures to treat diarrhoea:
      • Rehydration with oral rehydration salts (ORS) solution
      • Rehydration may require intravenous fluids in case of severe dehydration or shock.
      • Zinc supplements 
      • Nutrient-rich foods

    Source: PIB