G7 Grouping


    In News 

    The Ukrainian President  appealed to leaders of the Group of Seven nations for more air defence capabilities .

    • The G7  pledged continued “financial, humanitarian, military, diplomatic and legal support  after Russian forces launched mass strikes

    About The G7

    • It is an informal forum of leading industrialised nations, which include Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, the United Kingdom and the United States.
      • As of 2022, G7 countries make up 10% of the world’s population, 31% of global GDP, and 21% of global carbon dioxide emissions.
    • Origin : The Grouping began as the Group of Six in 1975- with a meeting of leaders of US, UK, West Germany, Italy, France and Japan, as a result of the Oil crisis and global currency exchange issues that decided to meet annually.
      • Canada joined in 1976- making it the G-7. The EU leadership is always invited to G-7 meets.
    • G 8: In the 1990s after the fall of the Soviet Union and reunification of Germany, Russia was added to make it the G-8. 
      • However, after Russian wars with Georgia in 2008, and the annexation of Crimea in 2014, the club ousted Russia permanently.
    • India: India has been a special invitee to the G-7 on several occasions in the past two decades- including 5 consecutive years from 2005-2009 during the global economic crisis. 
      • This year PM Modi spoke about climate change, energy transitions and food security.