United Nations Military Observer Group in India and Pakistan (UNMOGIP)


    In News 

    • Recently, Rear Admiral Guillermo Pablo Rios of Argentina was appointed as the Head of Mission and Chief Military Observer for the UNMOGIP.

    About UNMOGIP 

    • It emerged from the U.N. Security Council Resolution 39 of January 1948 that set up the U.N. Commission for India and Pakistan (UNCIP). 
    • The Karachi Agreement of July 1949 firmed up the role of UN-level military observers and permitted supervision of the Cease Fire Line established in Jammu and Kashmir.
    • Headquarters: Islamabad (November to April) and Srinagar (May to October)
    • India’s Stand:  
      • It officially maintains that the UNMOGIP’s role was “overtaken” by the Simla Agreement of 1972 that established the Line of Control(the LoC)which with “minor deviations” followed the earlier Cease Fire Line. 
    • Pakistan’s Stand:
      • Pakistan however did not accept the Indian argument and continued to seek cooperation from the UNMOGIP. 
      • As a result of these divergent policies, Pakistan continues to lodge complaints with the UNMOGIP against alleged Indian ceasefire violations whereas India has not officially gone to the UNMOGIP since 1972 with complaints against Pakistan.