22nd Law Commission

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    In News 

    • Recently, the Government informed the Supreme Court that the appointment of Chairperson and Members of the 22nd Law Commission of India is under consideration.

    About 

    • Background: 
      • The Law Commission of India is a non-statutory body constituted by the Government of India from time to time. 
    • The Commission was originally constituted in 1955 and is reconstituted every three years. The tenure of the twenty-first Law Commission of India was up to 31st August 2018.
    • 22nd Law Commission: 
      • It was constituted by the Government on February 21, 2020, for a period of three years from the date of publication of the Order of Constitution in the Official Gazette. It will consist of:
        • A full-time Chairperson;
        • Four full-time Members (including Member-Secretary) Secretary, Department of Legal Affairs as ex-officio Member; Secretary, Legislative Department as ex officio Member.
        • and not more than five part-time Members.
    • Functions: 
      • The Law Commission shall, on a reference made to it by the Central Government or suo-motu, undertake research in law and review of existing laws in India for making reforms therein and enacting new legislations.
      • It shall also undertake studies and research for bringing reforms in the justice delivery systems for elimination of delay in procedures, speedy disposal of cases, reduction in the cost of litigation etc.
      • Before finalizing its recommendations, the Commission will consult the nodal Ministry/ Department (s) and such other stakeholders as the Commission may deem necessary for the purpose.

    Significance 

    • The various Law Commission have been able to make important contributions towards the progressive development and codification of Law of the country. 

    Source: TH