Olive Ridley Sea Turtles

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    In News

    • Recently, the Odisha government has banned fishing around olive ridley turtles’ mass nesting sites.

    About

    • Scientific name: Lepidochelys olivacea
    • Also known as the Pacific ridley sea turtle.
    • Location: Found in warm waters of the Pacific, Atlantic and Indian oceans.
    • Conservation Status 
      • IUCN Red List: Vulnerable
      • Wildlife Protection Act, 1972: Schedule I
      • CITES: Appendix I 
    • Features: 
      • They are the smallest and most abundant of all sea turtles found in the world.
      • Known for their unique mass nesting called Arribada, where thousands of females come together on the same beach to lay eggs. 
      • These are carnivores and feed mainly on jellyfish, shrimp etc. 
    • Major nesting sites: 
      • Rushikulya rookery coast (Odisha), 
      • Gahirmatha beach (Bhitarkanika National park) and
      • Mouth of the Debi River.
    • Threats:
      • For Adults: Dense fishing, especially ocean-going trawlers, mechanised fishing boats and gill-netters.
      • For Eggs: Heavy predation of eggs, indiscriminate fishing with trawlers and gill nets, and beach soil erosion.
    • Government Efforts: 
      • Making mandatory use of Turtle Excluder Devices, a net specially designed to allow them to escape during the catch.
      • ‘Operation Oliva’ Exercise of Coast guard.

    Source: DTE