Grishneshwar Temple

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    In Context

    • Recently, Former U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton visited the historic Grishneshwar temple, which is the 12th Jyotirlinga in the country.

    Grishneshwar Jyotirlinga Temple 

    • About:
      • Grishneshwar Jyotirlinga Temple also known as Ghushmeshwar Temple, is one of the shrines dedicated to Lord Shiva that is referenced in the Shiva Purana.
        • The word Ghrneshwara means “lord of compassion”.
        • The temple houses carvings and sculptures of many Hindu gods and goddesses.
        • It is an important pilgrimage site in the Shaiva tradition of Hinduism, which considers it as the twelfth Jyotirlinga (linga of light).
      • It is situated in the state of Maharashtra. This pilgrimage site is located in Ellora (also called Verul), less than a kilometer from Ellora Caves – a UNESCO World Heritage Site. 
    • Historical background:
      • The temple structure was destroyed by the Delhi Sultanate in the 13th and 14th-century. 
      • It went through several rounds of rebuilding followed by re-destruction during the Mughal-Maratha conflict.
      •  It was rebuilt in the current form in the 18th century by Ahilyabai Holkar of Indore, after the fall of the Mughal Empire.
    • Architectural Design:
      • The Grishneshwar temple is an illustration of maratha temple architectural style and structure. 
      • It is built of red rocks and is composed of a five-tier shikara. 
      • This 240 ft x 185 ft temple is the smallest Jyotirlinga temple in India. 
      • A court hall is built on 24 pillars.
      • The Garbhagriha measures 17 ft x 17 ft. 
      • There is a Nandi bull in the court hall. 

    Source:TH