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    • The Archeological Survey of India is taking steps to make the wiring discreet and light up Charminar  in a better way.
      • The improved system will also make the 430-year-old monument in Hyderabad more accessible with better lighting inside the minarets that take visitors to the upper storey.

    Image Courtesy: TOI



    • Charminar, (Urdu: “Four Minarets”) historic monument located at the heart of Hyderabad in south-central India. 
    •  It was built in 1591 by Mohammed Quli Qutub Shah, who was the fifth king of the Qutub Shahi dynasty, to mark the founding of Hyderabad and the end of a plague that had devastated the city.
    • The Charminar has been built in the Indo-Saracenic style of architecture. The materials used are granite and lime mortar.
    • Description: 
    • The 56-m-high Charminar is an imposing four-sided archway with four minarets soaring above its surrounding bustling market area.
      • Each side of the structure faces a cardinal direction and has a pointed arch. These arches support a gallery of archways and two floors of rooms. 
    • The square structure of the monument measures about 20 m to a side and at each corner is a minaret that rises to a height of 24 m.
    •  Each of the four minarets (leading to the structure’s name Charminar or four minarets) houses 149 circular steps.
    • The first floor of the monument was used as a madarasa (college) during the Qutub Shahi times. The second floor houses a mosque, which is the oldest mosque in the city, on its western side. 

    Source: TH