National Digital Livestock Mission Blueprint

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    • Recently ,the Union Minister of State Fisheries, Animal Husbandry & Dairying unveiled the National Digital Livestock Mission(NDLM) Blueprint at the National Dairy Development Board (NDDB).
      • National Dairy Development Board (NDDB) was created to promote, finance and support producer-owned and controlled organisations.

    Objectives and Need 

    • The livestock sector has a unique combination of being the backbone of rural livelihood. 
    • The growth would have been a lot better if there were concerted efforts to harmonise programmes across the country to create an ecosystem that is conducive for the growth of the sector.
    • This has been the main idea behind the deployment of NDLM, keeping the welfare of the farmer at the core.

    About National Digital Livestock Mission(NDLM) 

    • It is a digital platform being developed jointly by the Department of Animal Husbandry and Dairying (DAHD) and NDDB on the foundation of the existing Information Network for Animal Productivity and Health (INAPH).
      •  The bedrock of NDLM will be the unique identification of all livestock, which will be the foundation for all the state and national level programmes including domestic and international trade. 
    • It aims to create a farmer-centric, technology-enabled ecosystem where the farmers can realize better income through livestock activities with the right information.
    • By this, farmers will be able to effortlessly access the markets, irrespective of their location or holdings through this digital platform as a wide range of stakeholders will be connected in this ecosystem.
    • This system will also include robust animal breeding systems, nutrition, disease surveillance, disease control programmes and a traceability mechanism for animals and animal products.

    National Livestock Mission

    • It is an initiative of the Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers’ Welfare, introduced in 2014-15, with the objective of sustainable development of the livestock sector.
    •  The livestock sector in the country has been growing at a compound annual growth rate of 8.15% from 2014-15 to 2019-20.
    • Significance:
      •  It helps in creating rural entrepreneurship by engaging farmers in the sector. 
      • The scheme would also provide livelihood opportunities to the unemployed youth and livestock farmers in the cattle, dairy, poultry, sheep, goat, piggery, feed, and fodder sectors.

    Other Related Initiatives 

    • Rashtriya Gokul Mission (RGM): It was launched in December 2014 with an outlay of Rs 2025 crore for the development and conservation of indigenous breeds through selective breeding in the breeding tract and genetic up-gradation of nondescript bovine population.
      • It also contributes to improving the economic condition of the rural farmers (small and marginal farmers and landless labourers) who mostly breed indigenous cattle breeds.
      • The scheme comprises two components namely National Programme for Bovine Breeding (NPBB) and National Mission on Bovine Productivity (NMBP). 
    • National Dairy Plan Phase I (NDP I): It is a Central Sector Scheme of the Government of India, launched in March 2012.
      • It  is a scientifically planned multi-state initiative being implemented by the National Dairy Development Board (NDDB) with the network of End Implementing Agencies (EIAs) for the period 2011-12 to 2018-19 with the following objectives:
        • Increase productivity of milch animals and thereby increase milk production to meet the rapidly growing demand for milk.
        • Provide rural milk producers with greater access to the organized milk processing sector.
    • National Animal Disease Control Programme (NADCP): It is a flagship scheme launched in September 2019 for control of Foot & Mouth Disease and Brucellosis by vaccinating 100% cattle, buffalo, sheep, goat and pig population for FMD and 100% bovine female calves of 4-8 months of age for brucellosis in five years (2019-20 to 2023-24).
    • Animal Husbandry Infrastructure Development (AHIDF): It  has been approved for incentivizing investments by individual entrepreneurs, private companies, MSME, Farmers Producers Organizations (FPOs) and Section 8 companies to establish 
      • The dairy processing and value addition infrastructure.
      • Meat processing and value addition infrastructure.
      • Animal Feed Plant.
    • Dairy Entrepreneurship Development Scheme (DEDS): The Department of Animal Husbandry, dairying and fisheries is implementing Dairy Entrepreneurship Development Scheme (DEDS) for generating self-employment opportunities in the dairy sector, covering activities such as enhancement of milk production, procurement, preservation, transportation, processing and marketing of milk by providing back-ended capital subsidy for bankable projects. The scheme is being implemented by National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development (NABARD).
    • Pashu-Aadhar: It is a unique ID on a digital platform for traceability for the animals.

    Source: PIB