Mangarh Hillock


    In News

    • The National Monuments Authority submitted a report on declaring  Mangarh hillock in Rajasthan as a monument of National Importance in honor of 1500 Bhil tribal freedom fighters.

    About Mangarh Hillock

    • The hillock, situated at the Gujarat-Rajasthan border, is a site of a tribal uprising where a massacre of over 1500 Bhil tribal freedom fighters took place in 1913. 
      • Bhil social reformer and spiritual leader Govind Guru first raised the demand for a separate state for tribals back in 1913 after the Mangarh massacre.
    • The place is also known as the Adivasi Jallianwala, and there has been a demand to build a memorial. 

    Bhil tribe

    • The word Bhil is derived from “Veel”, which means “bow” in the Dravidian language.
    • The Bhil tribe is called “Dhanush Purush of India” because they are highly adept at learning Dhanush.
    • They are a group of tribal Indians scattered throughout India from Gujarat in the west to Tripura in the Far East.
    • They have a rich and unique culture. 
    • Ghoomar is a traditional folk dance of the Bhil tribe.
      • Ghoomar is the symbol of femininity.
      • The young women take art in this dance and declare that they are stepping into women’s shoes.

    National Monuments Authority (NMA)

    • Established under the Ministry of Culture in accordance with the requirements of the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Sites and Remains AMASR (Amendment and Validation) Act, 2010.
    • The NMA has been delegated specific tasks for the conservation and preservation of monuments and sites, including control of the banned and restricted areas surrounding centrally designated monuments.