Recently, International workers’ groups criticised India’s labour policies, including four new labour codes, at the 17th Asia and the Pacific Regional Meeting (APRM) of the International Labour Organisation (ILO) held at Singapore.
Key Points Highlighted
- India’s new labour codes violates the tripartite agreements — between workers, employers and the government — and gives a free hand to employers.
- The power of inspection has been left with employers through the new codes, and it will threaten the tripartite system in the country.
- Trade unions in India have been opposing such policies.
- Other Challenges
- India has the largest youth population in the world.
- The country is observing a technological and entrepreneurial boom with start-ups and small businesses mushrooming across the country.
- 90% of the workforce belongs to the unorganised sector and there are persistent challenges of low-paid jobs and poor working conditions.
- Declining productivity growth has a negative impact on workers, on the sustainability of enterprises — especially micro, small and medium-sized enterprises — on economies, and on communities.
Asia and the Pacific Regional Meeting (APRM)
- Enhancing productivity will be critical to economic growth, full and productive employment and decent work.
- Recognising persisting skills challenges and that effective and demand-driven skills development.
- Lifelong learning benefits governments, employers and workers by advancing and promoting employability, sustainable development, productivity growth and economic prosperity.
- Digital skills, core skills, entrepreneurial skills and soft skills should be better harnessed.
- Identifying workers in the unorganised sector and prioritising their needs through platforms like the E-Shram portal
- Extending health coverage through ESIC, to extend universal social security that is leading to reduction in inequality.
- Till date, about 29 crore unorganised sector workers have been registered on the E-Shram portal in our country.
Best Practice: The Progressive Wage Model (Singapore)