Koalas

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    • Recently, the Australian Government announced a list of 110 ‘priority species’ that it will try to save from extinction over the next 10 years which includes koalas. 

    About Koala

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    • Scientific Name:
      • Phascolarctos cinereus 
        • The koala is the only member of the family Phascolarctidae. 
    • Characteristics:
      • It is a tree-climbing animal.
      • It is a marsupial animal which means a mammal with a pouch for the development of offspring.
      • Koalas usually don’t drink much water as they get most of their moisture from these leaves. 
    •  Habitat, behavior, and diet:
      • Koalas live in the eucalyptus forests of southeastern and eastern Australia. 
        • They rely on the eucalyptus tree for both habitat and food.
    • Threats to survival:
      • Koala numbers plummeted in the late 19th and early 20th century from hunting for their fur. 
      • Now they face serious threats from habitat loss
      • Land clearing, logging, and bushfires, especially the devastating 2019-2020 seasons have destroyed much of the forest they live in.
    • IUCN Status:
      • In February 2022 the status of the koala was changed from vulnerable to endangered.
    • Conservation:
      • Caring and rehabilitating the injured.
      • Building koala sanctuaries and reserves.
      • Saving eucalyptus trees and planting new ones.
      • Researching about koala genetics, mating choices and health.
      • The Koala Conservation Plan by the World Wildlife Fund (WWF) Australia. 

    Source: DTE