Pre-draft version of National Curriculum Framework for School Education


    In News

    • The Ministry of Education released a pre-draft version of the National Curriculum Framework for School Education.

    About Framework 

    • The National Curriculum Framework for School Education (NCF) is developed based on the vision of the National Education Policy (NEP) 2020, and to enable its implementation.
    • It addresses education for the age group 3 to 18 years, across the entire range of diverse institutions in India. 
      • This is across the four Stages in the 5+3+3+4 Curricular and Pedagogical restructuring of School Education as envisioned in NEP 2020.
    • The National Steering Committee under the chairmanship of K. Kasturirangan was set up by the Ministry to undertake and develop NCFs.

    Key Highlights

    • It leans towards making students acquainted with true sources of knowledge, which have been a philosophical preoccupation of ancient Indians. 
    • These sources focus on six  pramanas: 
      •  Pratyaksa, interpreted as perception through five senses;  
      • Anumana, which uses inferences to come to new conclusions
      • Upamana, which is knowing through analogy and comparison; 
      • Arthapatti, which involves knowing through circumstantial implication,
      • Anupalabdhi, which includes perception of non-existence, and 
      •  Sabda, which the document explains is “something an individual can only directly know a fraction of all reality through direct experience and inference but must rely on other experts was acknowledged thousands of years ago”.
    • It recommends developing moral values for the child through a balanced diet, traditional games, yoga asanas, as well as a wide variety of stories, songs, lullabies, poems, and prayers to develop a love for cultural context.
    • It focuses on the importance of questioning by giving examples of the Upanishads, and includes examples from Katha Upanishad.
      •  It terms debates between Adisankara and Mandana Misra as legendary.
    • It also stresses on identifying and explaining important phases of the Indian national movement against British rule, with special reference to Gandhian and other subaltern movements. 
    • It also recommends teaching concepts of Buddhism, Jainism and Vedic and Confucian philosophies.

    Objectives of this NCF

    • It aims to help in positively transforming the school education system of India as envisioned in NEP 2020, through corresponding positive changes in the curriculum including pedagogy.
    • It aims to help change practices in education and not just ideas
    • It is this holistic overall transformation of the curriculum that will enable us to positively transform overall learning experiences for students.

    Current Status 

    • This is a pre-draft of the NCF-SE which still requires several rounds of discussion within the National Steering Committee (NSC). 
    • Feedback from diverse stakeholders will further help NSC to look critically into different modalities and approaches that this framework is proposing,