Dr Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan

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    Context

    • September 5th is celebrated as Teachers’ Day in India. The day commemorates the birth anniversary of Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan. 

    About Dr Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan

    • Birth:
      • Born on September 5, 1888, he  served as  2nd President of India from 1962 to 1967 and 1st Vice President of India from 1952 to 1962.
      • He was born in a Telugu Brahmin family. 
      • He was also a renowned scholar, philosopher, and Bharat Ratna awardee.
    • Literary Works
      • Radhakrishnan’s philosophy was grounded in Advaita Vedanta.
      • He also authored the book ‘The Philosophy of Rabindranath Tagore’ in 1917. 
      • His other works include Indian Philosophy, (1923-27), The Philosophy of the Upanishads (1924), An Idealist View of Life (1932), Eastern Religions and Western Thought (1939), and East and West: Some Reflections (1955).
    • Awards and Honours:
      • He was awarded the Bharat Ratna, India’s highest civilian award, in 1954.
      • He received a knighthood in 1931 and honorary membership of the British Royal Order of Merit in 1963. 
      • He was elected chairman of UNESCO’s executive board in 1948.
    • Contributions to the Society:
      • He was one of the founders of Helpage India, a renowned NGO for elderly underprivileged in India.
      • He was the first Indian to hold a chair at the University of Oxford – the Spalding Professor of Eastern Religion and Ethics (1936-1952).
      • He defended Hinduism against “uninformed Western criticism” and played a major role in the formation of contemporary Hindu identity.

    Source: FE