PM SVANidhi Scheme

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    • The recent data pertaining to the loans given under PM SVANidhi draws a bleak picture for minority street vendors.

    More about the news:

    • Scheme disbursal for minority community:
      • A total of 42.7 lakh loans amounting to ?5,152.37 crore had been disbursed to street vendors under the PM SVANidhi scheme out of which only 3.98 lakh or 9.3% were to hawkers from the minority communities.
      • In 2020-21, 2,10,457 loans were disbursed to minorities while it was 98,973 loans in 2021-22 and 88,609 in 2022-23.  
    • Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs’ data:
      • According to the data shared by the Ministry, the State-wise disbursal of loans seemed to be aligned with its population. 
      • Uttar Pradesh disbursed the maximum number of loans at 11,22,397, while Sikkim gave out just one loan.
        • Incidentally, Uttar Pradesh also gave the largest number of loans to hawkers from minority communities at 95,032.

    More about the Pradhan Mantri Street Vendors’ Atmanirbhar Nidhi (PM SVANidhi) Yojana

    • About:
      • The PM SVANidhi is a micro-credit scheme which was launched by the government in 2020.
      • The scheme is funded by the Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs.
    • Aim:
      • It was launched with an aim to provide credit for working capital to street vendors who have been affected due to the Covid-19 crisis.
    • Scheme highlights:
      • PM SVANidhi facilitates collateral-free loans of ?10,000, with subsequent loans of ?20,000 and ?50,000 with 7% interest subsidy for vendors, and rewards digital transactions. 
      • All street vendors who have been in the business on or before March 24, 2020, are eligible to avail the benefits. 
      • For this scheme launched in the wake of the novel coronavirus pandemic, the Centre has earmarked a stimulus package of Rs 5,000 crore for nearly 50 lakh vendors.

    Street vendors in India

    • Anyone who doesn’t have a permanent shop is considered a street vendor
    • Data:
      • There are an estimated 50-60 lakh street vendors in India, with the largest concentrations in the cities of Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata, and Ahmedabad
      • According to government estimates, street-vending accounts for 14 per cent of the total (non-agricultural) urban informal employment in the country.
    • Challenges faced by Street vendors:
      • Most of them are migrants who typically work for 10–12 hours every day on average.
      • Often, local bodies conduct eviction drives to clear the pavements of encroachers, and confiscate their goods. Fines for recovery are heavy.

    Source: TH