Dholes (Asiatic Wild Dogs)


    In News

    • A new study has reported the presence of dholes or Asiatic wild dogs (Cuon alpinus) in the high mountains of Central Asia nearly 30 years after their presence was last recorded.


    • Historically, dholes purportedly occurred throughout southern Russia, all across central Asia, South Asia and Southeast Asia. 
    • Recent research and current distribution maps indicate that they are restricted to the south and southeast Asia, with the northernmost populations in China

    Reasons for the disappearance

    • Dholes require more land for sustainable populations than other Asian mammals due to their complex social structure and dietary requirements.
    • Habitat fragmentation and human activity may have contributed significantly to their decades-long disappearances from the aforementioned countries (Central Asian mainly)

    Dholes (Asiatic Wild Dogs)

    • It is also known as the Asiatic Wild Dog, Indian Wild Dog, the Red Dog, Whistling dog and Mountain wolf. It plays an important role as an apex predator in forest ecosystems.
    • It is in the endangered category (EN) and is protected under Schedule II of the Wildlife Protection Act, 1972 in India.
    • Besides the tiger, the dhole is the only large carnivore in India that is under the International Union for Conservation of Nature’s ‘endangered’ category.
    • High populations of Dholes are found in the Western Ghats and central Indian forests

    Source: DTE