ISRO’s Mangalyaan Mission

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    • Recently, the ISRO confirmed that the Mars Orbiter craft has lost communication with ground station, it’s non-recoverable and with this the Mangalyaan mission has attained end-of-life.

    About Mangalyaan Mission

    • Background
      • The Mars Orbiter Mission (MOM) or Mangalyaan is a space probe launched by the Indian Space Research Organization in 2013.
    • Features
      • Mangalyaan was India’s first interplanetary mission.
      • The indigenously-built space probe has been in Martian orbit since 2014.
      • The mission made India the first Asian country and the fourth in the world after Roscosmos, NASA, and the European Space Agency, to get to the planet.
    • Objective of Mangalyaan
      • India’s Mangalyaan mission is aimed at studying Martian atmosphere.
      • Its objective is to explore Martian surface features, mineralogy, morphology and atmosphere using indigenous scientific instruments.
      • A crucial objective of MOM was to develop technologies required in planning, designing, management and operations of an interplanetary mission.
    • Rocket used
      • MOM was launched aboard PSLV C-25 (an XL version of the PSLV).
    • Cost of Mangalyaan
      • ISRO spent $75 million to launch the mission, making it the least-expensive Mars mission to date.

    Source: LM