Langa-Manganiyar

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    In Context

    • Recently, the Langa-Manganiyar artists are in the news as efforts are made by the government to document and digitize their folk art performances.
      • The project is aimed at saving the rapidly disappearing narrative traditions of these communities.

    About

    • Langa-Manganiyar community:
      • The Langas and Manganiyars are communities of Muslim folk musicians residing mostly in western Rajasthan’s Jaisalmer and Barmer districts.
      • While the Manganiars are patronised by the Bhati Rajputs, the Langas have the Sindhi Sipahis as yajman.
      • They still sing for their Hindu yajmans on Holi, Diwali and other auspicious occasions like weddings.
    • Folk art:
      • The folk art practised by these two communities includes ballads, folklore and songs.
      • The major theme includes heroic ballads, romantic epic tales and the Sufi spiritual stories.
      • The performances are in multiple languages and dialects including Marwari, Sindhi, Saraiki, Dhatti and Thareli.
      • The romantic tales revolving around legendary lovers such as Umar-Marvi, Heer-Ranjha, Sohni-Mahiwal, Moomal-Rana and Sorath-Rao Khangar have traditionally captivated audiences.
      • Folk art forms a vital part of the Thar desert’s cultural landscape.

    Source: TH