Dr Verghese Kurian


    In News

    • Recently, the Department of Animal Husbandry and Dairying celebrated “National Milk Day” to commemorate the 101st birth anniversary of Dr. Verghese Kurien.


    • He was born on November 26, 1921, in present-day- Kozhikode, Kerala.
    • His ideas and contributions made him the “Father of the White Revolution in India” and the ‘Milkman of India’.
    • Achievements:
      • Played an instrumental role in making India the largest milk producer in the world.
      • He was the man behind Operation Flood which led to dairy farming becoming the country’s largest self-sustaining industry, as well as the largest rural employment sector
      • He also helped set up the Amul cooperative society in 1946, in Gujarat’s Anand.
      • In 1965, Prime Minister Lal Bahadur Shastri assigned Dr. Kurien to create the National Dairy Development Board (NDDB)
      • Dr Kurien also founded the Institute of Rural Management Anand (IRMA) in 1979 and managed the Delhi Milk Scheme by correcting the prices. 
    • Awards: 
      • Padma Vibhushan (1999), 
      • the World Food Prize (1989), 
      • Krishi Ratna (1986), 
      • Padma Bhushan (1966), 
      • Padma Shri (1965), 
      • Ramon Magsaysay Award (1963), etc.

    Operation Flood

    • About:
      • It was the world’s biggest dairy development program which gave a major thrust to the milk production of the nation. . 
      • Launched in 1970, it was the brainchild of Dr Verghese Kurein.
    • Objectives: 
      • Increase milk production (“a flood of milk”)
      • Augment rural incomes
      • Reasonable prices for consumers

    Source: PIB