‘POEM’ Platform

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    In Context

    • ISRO successfully launched the PSLV Orbital Experimental Module or ‘POEM’.

    What is POEM?

    • The PSLV Orbital Experimental Module (POEM) activity performs in-orbit scientific experiments using the spent PS4 stage as an orbital platform.
    •  It is the first time that the PS4 stage would orbit the earth as a stabilised platform. 
    •  POEM derives the power from the solar panels mounted around the PS4 tank and a Li Ion battery.
    • It navigates using four sun sensors, a magnetometer, gyros & NavIC
    • POEM has a dedicated Navigation Guidance and Control (NGC) system for attitude stabilisation, which stands for controlling the orientation of any aerospace vehicle within permitted limits.
      •  The NGC will act as the platform’s brain to stabilise it with specified accuracy.
    • It carries dedicated control thrusters using Helium gas storage. It is enabled with a telecommand feature.
      • POEM carries six payloads including two from Indian Space Start-ups M/s Digantara and M/s Dhruva Space, enabled though IN-SPACe and NSIL.

    Has ISRO repurposed and used PS4 rocket junk earlier?

    • The Indian space agency first demonstrated the capability of using PS4 as an orbital platform in 2019 with the PSLV-C44 mission that injected Microsat-R and Kalamsat-V2 satellites into their designated orbits.
      •  The fourth stage in that mission was kept alive as an orbital platform for space-based experiments.

    Source:IE