Extended Range (ER) BrahMos Cruise Missile


    In News

    • Recently, the Indian Air Force (IAF) successfully fired the Extended Range (ER) version of BrahMos air-launched supersonic cruise missile.


    • About:
      • The missile is capable of being launched from land, sea, sub-sea and air against surface and sea-based targets.
      • The ER air-launched missile weighs 2.65 tonnes, which will come down to 1.33 tonnes with the BrahMos-NG (Next Generation) that is under development. 
    • Origin of Name: 
      • The missile derives its name from Brahmaputra and Moskva rivers. 
    • Developed By:
      • BrahMos is a joint venture between the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) and Russia’s NPO Mashinostroyeniya.
    • Two-stage Missile with a Solid Propellant Booster Engine:
      • First stage brings the missile to supersonic speed and then gets separated.
      • The liquid ramjet or the second stage then takes the missile closer to three times the speed of sound in cruise phase. 
    • Range:
      • The range of the missile was originally capped at 290 kms as per obligations of the Missile Technology Control Regime (MTCR). 
      • Following India’s entry into the club in June 2016, DRDO officials had stated that the range would be extended to 450 km and to 600 km at a later stage. 

     Source: TH