Guru Gobind Singh Jayanti


    In News

    • Recently, The Prime Minister has paid tributes to Sri Guru Gobind Singh Ji on the sacred occasion of Parkash Purab.
      • It marks the 355th birth anniversary of Guru Gobind Singh. 

    About Guru Gobind Singh

    • Birth:
      • He was born on December 22 in Patna in the year 1666.
      • His birth anniversary is observed as Guru Gobind Singh Jayanti every year in accordance with the lunar calendar. 
      • He was a poet, spiritual leader, philosopher, warrior and writer.
    • 10th Guru:
      • He was the tenth Guru of the Sikhs.
    • Khalsa Panth:
      • He was the founder of the Khalsa Panth. 
        • He also founded the Sikh warrior community called Khalsa in 1699.
      • He became a Sikh guru at the age of nine, after the death of his father Guru Tegh Bahadur.
        • His father was executed by Aurangzeb.
    • Five K’s
      • He introduced the five K’s for the Sikhs including:
        • Kesh: uncut hair
        • Kangha: a wooden comb
        • Kara: an iron or steel bracelet worn on the wrist
        • Kirpan: a sword 
        • Kacchera: short breeches.
    • Contributions:
      • Guru Gobind Singh is also credited for the Dasam Granth.
        • It consists of hymns which are a sacred part of Sikh prayers
      • He finalized the Guru Granth Sahib as the eternal Guru. 
        • Thus, the Guru Granth Sahib is also known as ‘Living Guru”.
      • He also played a major role in fighting against the Mughal invaders by standing alongside the Khalsa for protecting the people of his own.
    • Death:
      • He was assassinated in 1708, when he was 41.

    Source: PIB