Ram Setu

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    • Recently, Ram Setu has been at the centre of several controversies and legal cases.

    The Ram Setu

    • It is also known as Adam’s Bridge.
    • It is a 48-km chain of limestone shoals between Rameswaram on India’s southeast coast and Mannar Island near Sri Lanka’s northwest coast.
    • The structure has significance in both Hindu and Muslim mythology 
      • While Hindus believe this is the bridge (setu) built by Lord Ram and his army to cross to Lanka and fight Ravan.
      • As per Islamic legend, Adam used this bridge to reach Adam’s Peak in Sri Lanka, where he stood on one foot for 1,000 years in repentance.
    • Scientists believe Ram Setu is a natural structure formed due to tectonic movements and sand getting trapped in corals.

    Sethusamudram project

    • The Sethusamudram Shipping Canal project aims to create a shipping route between India and Sri Lanka by building an 83-km-long deep water channel.
    • It would also reduce travel time between the eastern and western coasts of India as ships would no longer have to circle Sri Lanka to travel between the Bay of Bengal and Arabian Sea.
    • Ecological arguments: The project has been opposed on environmental grounds too, with some claiming that it will harm marine life, and that dredging of the line of shoals will make India’s coast more vulnerable to tsunamis.

    Source: IE