Pokkali Rice

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    About 

    • Pokkali is an heritage heirloom rice crop cultivated in the coastal regions of Kerala, including Ezhikkara, Ernakulam, and supported by Palliyakal Cooperative Service Bank (PCSB)
    • Pokkali is an ancient farming practice where one season of rice farming is alternated with another season of prawn culture. 
      • The prawn seedlings, which swim in from the sea and the backwaters after the rice harvest, feed on the leftovers of the harvested crop. 
    • The rice crop, which gets no other fertiliser or manure, draws nutrients from the prawns’ excrement and other remnants. 
    • Rice farming and prawn farming are mutually complementary.
    • Pokkali has an excellent gene pool which is very useful for salinity tolerance.

    History 

    • The story of Pokkali begins with a great flood that washed the seeds of this prolific grain from the Western Ghats to the low lying saline plains. 
    • There she evolved as a strong contender against the ravages of nature, to nurture the communities that lived harmoniously with the farming of Pokkali. 
    • Pokkali is the oldest variety of rice in Kerala which has a tradition of at least 3000 years in rice cultivation. 
    • It is also among the oldest known crops cultivated by organic farming methodologies in the world.

    Source: TH