Shortage of DAP Fertilizer in India

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    • Farmers from some of the biggest agricultural states (Rajasthan, Punjab, Haryana & Karnataka) are facing a severe shortage of Di-ammonium Phosphate (DAP) & muriate of potash (MOP) fertilizers.

    Di-ammonium Phosphate (DAP) Fertilizers

    • After urea, Di-Ammonium Phosphate (DAP) fertiliser is the most widely used one in the country.
    • It contains both Nitrogen and Phosphorus which are primary macro-nutrients.
    • It was applied just before or at the beginning of sowing.
    • Composition of DAP:  N-18% and P2O5 -46%. 

    Reasons for Shortages

    • Spike in the cost of raw materials used to manufacture fertilizers
    • Rise in global prices due to logistic issues
    • Fixed Subsidies to the Fertilizer Companies

    Implications

    • Dampers the plantings of Rabi Crops ( Wheat, mustard, potato, onion etc) despite surplus rains.
    • Impact production target due to non-availability of raw materials
    • Sharply hike retail prices 
    • Impact upcoming political elections

     Way Ahead

    • Improve Logistics (Ports to the consumption centres)
    • Prevent “cartelisation” among fertiliser companies
    • Farmers are advised to use a mixture of urea-single super phosphate instead of DAP.
    • Bring urea under nutrient-based subsidy and let farmers think beyond DAP and MOP.

    Source: HT