Pradhan Mantri Matsya Sampada Yojana

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    In Context

    • The Prime Minister has recently praised the efforts of farmers of Sirsa for showcasing the benefits of PM Matasya Sampada Yojana.

    Fish Farming of Haryana

    • There is a lot of land in the state of Haryana, which was often left barren due to the rise in the saline water level.
    • Farmers in the state have started earning more money than other crops by doing the business of shrimp fisheries through crop diversification.
      • Fish farming is being done on 785 acres of land in the entire state, out of which 400 acres land is in Sirsa.
    • Sirsa district adjoining the border of Rajasthan and Punjab at the last end of Haryana has the highest number of cultivators in the state.

    Pradhan Mantri Matsya Sampada Yojana (PMMSY)

    • About:
      • It is a flagship scheme for focused and sustainable development of the fisheries sector in the country with an estimated investment of 20,050 crore for its implementation during 2020-21 to 2024-25 as part of Aatmanirbhar Bharat package.
    • Ministry: 
      • Fisheries, Animal Husbandry and Dairying. 
    • Aim: 
      • To bring about a blue revolution through sustainable and responsible development of the fisheries sector in India.
      • To double the incomes of fishers and fish farmers, reducing post-harvest losses from 20-25% to about 10% and the generation of gainful employment opportunities in the sector.
    • Implementation:
      • It is implemented as an umbrella scheme with two separate components namely
        • Central Sector Scheme: 
          • The project cost will be borne by the Central government. The entire project/unit cost will be funded by the Government of India (GoI) (i.e., 100% GoI Funding).
        • Centrally Sponsored Scheme: 
          • All the sub-components/activities will be implemented by the States/UTs and the cost will be shared between Centre and State.
            • North Eastern & Himalayan States: 90% Central share and 10% State share.
            • Other States: 60% Central share and 40% State share.
      • A well-structured implementation framework would be established for the effective planning and implementation of PMMSY.
      • For optimal outcomes, ‘Cluster or area-based approach’ would be followed with requisite forward and backward linkages and end to end solutions.
    • Approach:
      •  ‘Cluster or Area based approaches and many new interventions such as fishing vessel insurance, Aquaculture in saline/alkaline areas, Sagar Mitras, FFPOs, Nucleus Breeding Centres, etc.
    • Achievements: 
      • From 2019–20 to 2021–2022, the Fisheries sector had an incredible growth of 14.3%.
      • Fish production has increased from 141.64 lakh tonnes in 2019-20 to 161.87 lakh tonnes (provisional) in 2021-22.
      • The sector achieved all-time high exports of 13.64 lakh tonnes, reaching Rs 57,587 crores (USD 7.76 billion), topped by shrimp exports.

    Example of Sirsa

    • Original agricultural prctice & issue of salinity:
      • In this district, farmers have been mainly cultivating narma, cotton, guar, paddy, wheat since the beginning.
      • Due to the adoption of traditional farming, where the groundwater went down considerably in some places in this area, thousands of acres of land became saline.
      • As the water level was reduced, the farmers’ agricultural production stopped on such land after which the land became barren. 
      • The economic condition of the farmers was also disturbed due to non-fertile land. 
    • Introduction of Pradhan Mantri Matsya Sampada Yojana:
      • Keeping in view the condition of farmers across the country, the Pradhan Mantri Matsya Sampada Yojana was implemented by the central government to promote the Blue Revolution.
      • Sirsa district now has the highest number of fish cultivators in Haryana.
      • Market:
        • From Sirsa, the fish is exported to various countries including China. 
        • Its seeds and feed are brought by fisheries traders from Andhra Pradesh. Buyers also hail from Telangana and West Bengal.

    Status of Fisheries Sector & way ahead

    • The fisheries sector has been recognized as a powerful income and employment generator as it stimulates growth of a number of subsidiary industries and is a source of cheap and nutritious food, at the same time it is an instrument of livelihood for a large section of the economically backward population of the country. 
    • Fishery sector occupies an important place in the socio-economic development of the country.
    • India is the 3rd largest fish producing and 2nd largest aquaculture nation in the world after China. 
    • The Blue Revolution in India demonstrated the importance of the Fisheries and Aquaculture sector. 
    • The sector is considered as a sunrise sector and is poised to play a significant role in the Indian economy in near future. 

    The National Fisheries Development Board (NFDB) 

    • NFDB was established in 2006 as an autonomous organization under the administrative control of the Department of Fisheries, Ministry of Fisheries, Animal Husbandry & Dairying, Government of India 
    • It was established to enhance fish production and productivity in the country and to coordinate fishery development in an integrated and holistic manner. 
      • A wide range of fishery development activities viz., intensive aquaculture in ponds and tanks, culture based capture fisheries in reservoirs, Coastal Aquaculture, Mariculture, Sea Weed cultivation, establishment of infrastructure, fishing harbours and fish landing centres, fishing dressing centres and solar drying of fish, domestic marketing, deep sea fishing and tuna processing, ornamental fisheries, trout culture, artificial reefs technology upgradation and capacity building of fishermen and fish farmers are being supported through the State Governments/Implementing agencies.

    Source: Business Today