Derna City of Libya

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    Syllabus: Places in News

    In News

    • Devastating floods occurred in Derna, Libya due to the collision of Dams and flash floods caused by a Mediterranean storm named Daniel.

    About Derna

    • Derna (Darnah) is a port city in eastern Libya. 
    • The city is bisected by the Wadi Derna, a seasonal river that flows from highlands to the south, and normally protected from flooding by dams.
    • The city was once a hub for extremist groups in the years of chaos that followed the NATO.

    Key Facts: Libya

    • Capital: Tripoli
    • Geographical Boundaries: It is a country in the Maghreb region in North Africa.
      • North: Mediterranean Sea
      • East: Egypt
      • Southeast: Sudan
      • South: Chad
      • Southwest: Niger
      • West: Algeria
      • Northwest: Tunisia
    • Historical Features:
      • Libya is made of three historical regions: Tripolitania, Fezzan, and Cyrenaica.
    • The recent Libyan Crisis has led to a civil war, foreign military intervention, and the ousting and death of ruler Muammar Gaddafi. 
    • Geographical Features:
      • The portion of the Mediterranean Sea north of Libya is often called the Libyan Sea
      • Libya has the 10th-largest proven oil reserves in the world.
      • Libyan Desert: 
        • This desert covers much of Libya. 
        • It is one of the most arid and sun-baked places on earth. 
        • In places, decades may pass without seeing any rainfall at all.
      • Slightly further to the south are the massifs of Arkenu, Uweinat, and Kissu.
        • These are ancient granite mountains.
    • Climate:
      • Natural hazards come in the form of hot, dry, dust-laden sirocco (known in Libya as the gibli).
        • This is a southern wind blowing from one to four days in spring and autumn. 
      • There are also dust storms and sandstorms
      • Oases can also be found scattered throughout Libya

    Source: IE