Reverse-flipping

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    Context

    • Economic Survey 2022-23 states that Indian start-up companies are looking at ‘reverse flipping’.

    What is Reverse-flipping

    • Flipping is the process of transferring entire ownership of an Indian company to an overseas entity.
    • It is generally accompanied by a transfer of all intellectual property and data owned by an Indian company.
    • Reverse Flipping is the process of shifting the domicile of those companies back to India who flipped earlier.
    • Companies reverse flip because of easy access to capital from private equity and venture capital, changes in rules regarding round-tripping, and the growing maturity of India’s capital market.

    Why Companies flip?

    • Flipping happens at the early stage of the startups, driven by commercial, taxation and personal preferences of founders and investors. Some companies decide to ‘flip’ because the major market of their product is offshore. Sometimes, investor preferences like access to incubators drive the companies to ‘flip’ as they insist on a particular domicile.
    • For easy access to capital from private equity and venture capital, changes in rules regarding round-tripping, and the growing maturity of India’s capital market. 

    Source: BL