SCO Film Festival

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    In News

    • Recently, the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) Film Festival has  highlighted the diversity of India.

    About

    • The SCO Film Festival is being organised to mark India’s Presidency at SCO .
    • India’s goal of organising the festival is to showcase the diversity of films and various styles of film making from the SCO region.
    • Aim: To build cinematic partnerships, have exchange of programmes, nurture young filmmaking talent and act as a bridge between the cultures of this unique region.
    • The SCO Film Festival 2023 commenced with the world premiere of the Tamil film “Appatha”. 
    • The film features National Award-winning actor Urvashi in the lead role and will be benchmarked as her 700th film and 51 years in the Indian film industry
    • Official Language: 
      • The official language of the SCO i.e., Russian and Chinese will also be the official language of the SCO Film Festival Mumbai.
    • Functional Language: 
      • English will also be included as the functional language of the festival as it is being hosted in India.
    • Cinema in SCO Region:
      • The SCO region is a confluence of diverse civilizations and a cradle of rich traditions of art and culture. 
      • This has been reflected in the cinemas made in SCO countries, which has been globally appreciated and awarded

    Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO):

    • About:
      • It is a permanent intergovernmental international organisation of Eurasian Nations with a secretariat in Beijing.
    • Aim:
      • It is a political, economic and military organisation that aims at maintaining peace, security and stability in the region.
    • Origin: Journey from Shanghai Five to SCO 
      • Shanghai Five emerged in 1996 from a series of border demarcation and demilitarization talks between 4 former USSR republics and China.
      • Kazakhstan, China, Kyrgyzstan, Russia and Tajikistan were members of the Shanghai Five.
      • With the accession of Uzbekistan to the group in 2001, the Shanghai Five was renamed the SCO.
      • The SCO Charter was signed in 2002 and entered into force in 2003.
    • Inclusion of India & Pakistan:
      • India and Pakistan both were initially observer states.
      • Both were given full membership in 2017.
    • Iran and Belarus:
      • 2021 SCO summit in Dushanbe agreed for Iran to join the SCO. 
      • Belarus has also begun the membership process for SCO.

    Member states

    Observer States

    Dialogue Partners

    Kazakhstan

    China

    Kyrgyzstan

    Russia

    Tajikistan

    Uzbekistan

    India

    Pakistan

    Afghanistan

    Belarus

    Iran

    Mongolia

    Azerbaijan

    Armenia

    Cambodia

    Nepal

    Turkey

    Sri Lanka

    Source: PIB