Rani Gaidinliu


    In News 

    • The Prime Minister of India lauded the first-ever goods train that reached Rani Gaidinliu Railway Station in Manipur’s Tamenglong district.

    About Rani Gaidinliu

    • She was born on January 26, 1915, in the present-day Tamenglong district of Manipur and died in 1993. 
    • She was the Naga spiritual and political leader who belonged to the Rongmei tribe (also known as Kabui).
    • She led an armed uprising against the British in Manipur, Nagaland and Assam
    •  In 1927, at the age of 13, Gaidinliu, along with her cousin Haipou Jadonang, joined the Heraka movement, which aimed at the revival of the Naga tribal religion and establishing self-rule of the Nagas (Naga Raj) ending the British rule.
    • She was arrested in 1932 when she was just 16 and was sentenced to life imprisonment by the British rulers. 
      • Between 1932 and 1947, the Naga freedom fighter was kept at several prisons across the Northeast.
    • After being released in 1947 she continued to work for the betterment of the community. 
    • She passed away on February 17, 1993, at her native village Luangkao.

    Image Courtesy: PIB


    • She was the epitome of valour & courage. 
    • She was one of the few women political leaders who exhibited outstanding courage during the colonial period, despite limitations.

    Steps to honour her 

    • Jawaharlal Nehru called her the “Daughter of the Hills” and gave her the title “Rani” or queen acknowledging her role in the struggle against the British,
    • In 1972, she was awarded Tamara Patra by the Government of India for her contribution to the freedom movement.
    •  She also received the Padma Bhushan in 1982. 
    • In 1996, the Union government issued a commemorative postage stamp in her honour. 
    • Vivekananda Sewa Summan in 1983, and Stree Shakti Puraskar in 1991. 
    • She posthumously was awarded the Bhagwan Birsa Munda Puraskar in 1996.
      • The Government of India also issued a commemorative stamp in her honour in the same year.
    • The Centre also released a Rs 100 commemorative coin in 2015 on the occasion of her 100th birth anniversary.
    • The Indian Coast Guard commissioned a Fast Patrol Vessel “ICGS Rani Gaidinliu” in 2016. 
    • Recently, the Union Home Minister laid the foundation stone for the ‘Rani Gaidinliu Tribal Freedom Fighters Museum’ in Manipur’s Tamenglong district.