Global Methane Pledge


    In News 

    • Methane emissions will likely increase by 13 per cent by 2030 without the Global Methane Pledge.

    About Global Methane Pledge, 

    • It was launched in 2021, aims to keep alive the 1.5 degrees Celsius goal. 
    • Over a 100 countries have committed to reducing global methane emissions by at least 30 per cent by 2030 from 2020 levels. 
      • This reduction could eliminate over 0.2?C warming by 2050
    • India, which is not a part of the Global Methane Pledge, is among the top five methane emitters globally, according to the International Energy Agency. 
      • Most emissions can be traced back to agriculture.
    • Aims and objectives
      • It aims to catalyse global action and strengthen support for existing international methane emission reduction initiatives to advance technical and policy work that will serve to underpin Participants’ domestic actions. 
      • It also recognizes the essential roles that private sector, development banks, financial institutions and philanthropy play to support implementation of the Pledge and welcomes their efforts and engagement.

    About Methane 

    • Methane (CH4) is a hydrocarbon that is a primary component of natural gas.
    • It is also a greenhouse gas (GHG), so its presence in the atmosphere affects the earth’s temperature and climate system. 
    • It is emitted from a variety of anthropogenic (human-influenced) and natural sources. 
      • Anthropogenic emission sources include landfills, oil and natural gas systems, agricultural activities, coal mining, stationary and mobile combustion, wastewater treatment, and certain industrial processes.