Tigray Region


    In News

    • Recently, airstrikes hit the capital of Ethiopia’s Tigray region in an ongoing internal armed conflict.

    Tigray Region

    • Tigray is the northernmost regional state in Ethiopia ( Africa’s second-most populous country).
    • Tigray region is known for its mountainous terrains that have often helped the people protect their territory from invaders, such as the Greeks, the Turkish, and the Italians.
    • It is the homeland of the Tigrayan, Irob and Kunama peoples.
    • It is also known as Region 1 according to the federal constitution.
    • Capital and largest city: Mekelle.
    • Border Areas: Eritrea (North), Sudan (West), the Amhara Region (South), and the Afar Region (East and South East).

                                       Image Courtesy: VOA

    Tigray War

    • In early November 2020, the region and the Ethiopian federal government entered into conflict.
    • The conflict escalated in September when Tigray held local elections in insubordination to the Ethiopian federal government. 
    • These elections were considered “illegal” by the federal government, further leading to conflict with Tigray authorities.

    Source: TH