‘Crime in India 2020’: NCRB

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    In News 

    • Recently, the National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB) released a report titled ‘Crime in India – 2020’.

    Major Findings of the report 

    • Impact of a pandemic:  The Coronavirus pandemic and subsequent lockdown resulted in a drop in traditional crimes like theft, robbery, and assault on women and children in 2020.
      • There was a drastic jump in disobedience to government orders, primarily arising due to violations of COVID-19 norms.
    • Registered crimes: A total of 66,01,285 cognisable crimes comprising 42,54,356 Indian Penal Code (IPC) crimes and 23,46,929 Special and Local Laws (SLL) crimes were registered in 2020.
      • India reported an average of 80 murders daily in 2020, totalling 29,193 fatalities over the year, with Uttar Pradesh topping the chart among states.
    • Category wise data: 

                                   Image Courtesy: IE

     

    • Cybercrime
      • India recorded 50,035 cases of cybercrime in 2020, with an 11.8% surge in such offences over the previous year.
      • Bengaluru tops India in the highest number of cyber crimes registered in 2020. 

     

    Image Courtesy: News 18

    • Crime Against Women : 
    • Across the 19 metropolitan cities, a total of 35,331 cases of crime against women were registered during 2020, showing a decrease of 21.1% over 2019 (44,783 cases)
      • The majority of crimes against women were registered under ‘cruelty by husband or his relatives (30.2%) followed by ‘assault on women with intent to outrage her modesty (19.7%), ‘kidnapping and abduction of women (19.0%) and ‘rape’ (7.2%).
    • “False/fake news: Incidents of circulation of “false/fake news” and rumours, a crime under the Indian Penal Code, saw nearly a three-fold rise in 2020 over 2019
      • Telangana with 273 cases tops the list of states followed by Tamil Nadu (188) and Uttar Pradesh (166). Hyderabad tops the list of cities with 208 cases, followed by Chennai (42) and Delhi (30).
    • Crime against senior citizens fell sharply last year.
      • As per the report, Pune recorded 224 cases in 2019 and 123 cases in 2020.
    • Crimes against SCs and STs:
      • Uttar Pradesh (12,714) recorded the highest number of crimes against Scheduled Castes in 2020.
    • Crimes against children:
      • The total number of crimes against children in the country dropped from 1,48,090 in 2019 to 1,28,531 in 2020, the data showed.
    • Crime Rate  : 

    Image Courtesy: TH

    About National Crime Record Bureau (NCRB)

    • It was set up in 1986 to function as a repository of information on crime and criminals.
    • It was established on the recommendations of the Tandon Committee to the National Police Commission (1977-1981) and the MHA’s Taskforce (1985).
    • NCRB was entrusted with the responsibility for monitoring, coordinating and implementing the Crime and Criminal Tracking Network & Systems (CCTNS) project in the year 2009.
    • This project connects 15000+ police stations and 6000 higher offices of police in the country.
    • In August 2017, NCRB launched the National Digital Police Portal, which allows search for a criminal/suspect on the CCTNS database.
    • The Bureau has also been entrusted to maintain the National Database of Sexual Offenders (NDSO) and share it with the States/UTs on a regular basis.
    • NCRB has also been designated as the Central Nodal Agency to manage technical and operational functions of the ‘Online Cyber-Crime Reporting Portal.

    Source: IE