Bharat NCAP


    In Context

    • Recently, the  Ministry of Road Transport and Highways approved the draft GSR notification to introduce Bharat NCAP (New Car Assessment Program).
      • Bharat NCAP (New Car Assessment Program) will be rolled out from April 1, 2023.

    Bharat NCAP

    • About:
      • It is a new car safety assessment programme which proposes a mechanism of awarding ‘Star Ratings’ to automobiles based upon their performance in crash tests.
      • Bharat NCAP standard is aligned with global benchmarks and it is beyond minimum regulatory requirement.
    • Feature:
      • The proposed Bharat NCAP assessment will allocate Star Ratings from 1 to 5 stars.
      • The testing of vehicles for this programme will be carried out at testing agencies, with the necessary infrastructure.
      • Bharat NCAP (New Car Assessment Program) will be applicable on type approved motor vehicles of category M1 with gross vehicle weight less than 3.5 tonnes, manufactured or imported in the country.
        • M1 category motor vehicles are used for the carriage of passengers, comprising eight seats, in addition to the driver’s seat.
      • Auto firms in India follow AIS-145 (automotive Indian standard-145), which enforces safety features for vehicles such as seatbelts tell-tale, passenger airbags, and the speed limit alarm.
    • Global NCAP:
      • The US was the first country to start a programme that provided information on car safety with regard to crashes to customers in 1978. Later, a number of similar programmes were started across regions.


    • Bharat NCAP will encourage manufacturers to participate voluntarily in the safety testing assessment programme and incorporate higher safety levels in new car models.
      • It aims to reduce 50 per cent road accident deaths by 2024.
    • Bharat NCAP will also promote a healthy competition among original equipment manufacturers (OEMs) in India to manufacture safer vehicles.
    • Bharat NCAP will ensure structural and passenger safety in cars, along with increasing the export-worthiness of Indian automobiles.
    • Bharat NCAP will prove to be a critical instrument in making our automobile industry Aatmanirbhar with the mission of making India the top automobile hub in the world.

    Source: BS