Conservation Plan for Great Indian Bustards

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    In Context

    • The Environment Ministry has taken various measures for the Conservation and protection of Great Indian Bustards.

    Some important steps in this regard are as follows

    • The Great Indian Bustard is listed in Schedule-I of the Wild Life (Protection) Act, 1972.
    • Important habitats of Great Indian Bustards are designated as National Parks/ sanctuaries.
    • The species has been identified for conservation efforts under the component ‘Species Recovery Programme’ of the Centrally Sponsored Scheme- Development of Wildlife Habitats. 
    • Sites for establishment of a conservation breeding centres for the Great Indian Bustard and Lesser Florican birds have been identified in consultation with the Forest Departments of Rajasthan and Gujarat.
    • In-situ Conservation Proposal by Rajasthan government.

    Great Indian Bustards

    • About:
      • One of the heaviest flying birds endemic to the Indian subcontinent.
      • State Bird of Rajasthan.
    • Scientific Name: Ardeotis nigriceps
    • Habitat: 
      • Untamed, Arid grasslands.
      • A Maximum number of GIBs were found in Jaisalmer and the Indian Army-controlled field firing range near Pokhran, Rajasthan.
      • Other areas: Gujarat, Maharashtra, Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh.
    • Protection Status:
      • IUCN Status: Critically Endangered.
      • Listed in Wildlife Protection Act’s Schedule 1.
    • Threats to the Bird:
      • Hunting, Intensification of agriculture, Power lines.

    Initiatives

    • Project Great Indian Bustard (Rajasthan State)
    • Habitat Improvement and Conservation Breeding

    Source: PIB