Red Sanders


    In News 

    • Red Sanders (Red Sandalwood) has fallen back into the ‘endangered’ category in the International Union for Conservation of Nature’s (IUCN) Red List
    • It was classified as ‘near threatened’ in 2018.
      • It was a moment of celebration when the species was lifted off from the endangered category for the first time since 1997.

    About Red sanders

    • Scientific Name: Pterocarpus santalinus.
      • Known for their rich hue and therapeutic properties.
    • They are high in demand across Asia, particularly in China and Japan, for use in cosmetics and medicinal products as well as for making furniture, woodcraft and musical instruments.
      • Its popularity can be gauged from the fact that a tonne of Red Sanders costs anything between Rs 50 lakh to Rs 1 crore in the international market.
    • Distribution: 
      • They are usually growing in the rocky, degraded and fallow lands with Red Soil and a hot and dry climate.
      • It is an Indian endemic tree species, with a restricted geographical range in the Eastern Ghats.
      • The species is endemic to a distinct tract of forests in Andhra Pradesh. 
    • Threats: 
      • Over-exploitation, cattle grazing and invasive species and smuggling.
    • Protection Status: 
      • It is listed in Appendix II of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES).

    IUCN Red List 

    • The IUCN maintains a list — called the Red List — of flora and fauna species and categorises them based on their conservation status.
    • The status ranges from ‘least concern’ for the species that are abundant in numbers to ‘extinct’ for those that have completely disappeared from the planet. Species that come under ‘critically endangered’, ‘endangered’ and ‘vulnerable’ categories are considered threatened, according to the IUCN categorisation.

    Source: DTE