Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PMKVY) 3.0


    In News 

    • The Union Minister of State for Skill Development, Entrepreneurship launched two ambitious projects of ‘Revival of Namda craft of Kashmir and ‘Upskilling of artisans and weavers of Kashmir under the under Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PMKVY) 3.0′. 


    • The Namda project will be an industry-based training programme that will contribute towards preserving and reviving the rich heritage associated with the unique craft in Kashmir.
      • Namda is a rug made of sheep wool through felting technique instead of normal weaving process
        • Due to low availability of raw material, lack of skilled manpower and marketing techniques, the export of this craft has declined almost 100 per cent between 1998 and 2008.

    About PMKVY 3.0

    • The Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship (MSDE) launched the third phase of its flagship scheme PMKVY 3.0 in January 2021.
    • PMKVY 3.0 will be implemented in a more decentralised structure with greater responsibilities and support from States/UTs and Districts by incorporating the learnings from PMKVY 1.0 and PMKVY 2.0.
      • The new scheme will be more trainees and learner-centric addressing the ambitions of Atmanirbhar Bharat.
    • It aims to empower the country’s youth and continue the journey of the Skill India Mission in building India as the skill capital of the world.
      • The scheme aims to benefit over eight (08) lakh candidates in FY 2020-2021 with a budget of INR 948.90 crores while targeting the youth under the age group of 15-45 years. 
    • The focus of PMKVY 3.0 (2020-21): It has been shifted from a supply-based approach to a demand-based approach. 
      •  PMKVY 3.0 will encourage and promote skill development throughout the country to address industry needs, meet market demands and impart skills in services and in new-age job roles that have become crucial with the advent of the COVID-19 pandemic.
      • PMKVY 3.0 is a progressive step towards achieving the vision by establishing an increased connection at state, district and block levels. 
      • PMKVY 2.0 broadened skill development with the inclusion of Recognition of Prior Learning (RPL) and focus on training. 
        • With the advent of PMKVY 3.0, the focus is on bridging the demand-supply gap by promoting skill development in areas of new-age and Industry 4.0 job roles.

    Earlier Phases 

    • PMKVY 1.0 (2015-16)
      • The first version of the PMKVY (1.0) scheme was launched in 2015 to encourage skill development in the country by providing free short duration skill training and giving them encouragement by providing monetary rewards for skill certification.
    • The objective is to increase local youth participation in local jobs by providing short duration skill training. 
    • During its pilot phase in 2015-16, 19.85 lakh candidates were trained.
    • PMKVY 2.0 (2016-2020)
      • It is the second phase of the PMKVY scheme. 
      • Launched for scaling up sectors, geographies and by greater alignment with other missions such as MAKE IN INDIA, DIGITAL INDIA, and SWATCH BHARAT etc
      •  a target to train one crore individuals was set. The number of candidates trained is 1.09 crore
      • The objective is to encourage youth for skill development to boost their employability related to industrial and digital demand for employment.

    About Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PMKVY)

    • Launched in 2015, it is a flagship program of the Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship (MSDE) implemented by the National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC). 
    • Under PMKVY, training and assessment fees are paid completely by the Government. Pay-outs are provided to the Training Providers (TPs) in alignment with the common norms. 
    • Funding: The scheme is being implemented at the Centre and the State level with a 50:50 allocation of funds and targets with more enhanced involvement of District Skill Committees (DSC).
    • Objective: To enable Indian youth to take up industry-relevant skill training that will help them in securing a better livelihood. 
      • Individuals with prior experience are also assessed and certified under Recognition of Prior Learning (RPL).
    • Key Components:
    • Short Term Training: STT component imparted at PMKVY Training Centres (TC) is expected to benefit candidates of Indian nationality who are either school/college dropouts or unemployed. 
    • Recognition of Prior Learning (RPL): It is a skill certi?cation component to enable Indian youth to take on industry-relevant skill certification which will help them to secure a better livelihood. Individuals with prior learning experience or skills can register themselves and get assessed and certi?ed under the RPL component of PMKVY. 
      • It focuses mainly on individuals engaged in unregulated sectors
    • Special Projects: It envisages the creation of a platform that will facilitate training in special areas and/or premises of Government bodies, corporates or industry bodies, and training in special job roles, not defined under the available Qualification Packs (QPs)/National Occupational Standards (NOS).

    About Skill India Mission:

    • Skill India Mission is an initiative of the Government of India, launched by the Prime Minister on the 16th of July 2015 with an aim to train over 40 crore people in India in different skills by 2022.
    • It includes various initiatives of the government like
    • National Skill Development Mission,
    • National Policy for Skill Development and Entrepreneurship, 2015,
    • Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PMKVY)
    • Skill Loan scheme