GI Tags to Karuppur kalamkari Paintings & Kallakurichi Wood Carvings

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    • Recently, 3 products from Tamil Nadu namely Karuppur Kalamkari Paintings, Kanyakumari Clove and Kallakuruchi wood carvings have received the Geographical Indication (GI) tag.

    Key Points

    • About Kalamkari:
      • The Karuppur Kalamkari Paintings are done in Thanjavur region. 
      • These are traditional dye-painted figurative and patterned clothes. 
      • They are made for temples like ceiling cloth, cylindrical hangings, umbrella covers and chariot covers. 
      • Thanjavur tradition of Kalamkari had canopies, umbrella covers, thombai (cylindrical hangings), and ‘thoranams’ (door hangings) comprising of motifs of yazhi, peacock, swan, flowers, and images of deities. They are used in temples and mutts.
      • Background of Kalamkari: Artisans from Sikkalnaikkanpettai near Kumbakonam has been practising this traditional art form for many generations. 
        • Artisans enjoyed royal patronage in times of yore. 
        • Presently, this traditional art form is practised at Karuppur in Udayarpalayam taluk of Ariyalur district as well as in villages around Sikkalnaikkapettai and Tiruppanandal in Thanjavur district.

    Image Courtesy: IE

    • Kallakurichi Wood Carvings:
      • These carvings are done for designs and ornaments. These are indigenous to Madurai region.
      • It is done using pens, palm stems, date trees, brushes made of bamboo sticks and coconut tree stems.
      • This certificate was issued the Geographical Indications Registry on the basis of an application filed by Tamil Nadu Handicrafts Development Corporation (Poompuhar).

    • Kanyakumari Clove:
      • Known for its rich aromatic content, with a volatile oil content of 21%(normal 18%)resulting in 86% of Eugenol.
      • India has a total of 1100 tonnes of clove, Tamil Nadu accounts for 1000 tonnes with 65% coming from Kanyakumari.
      • The hilly regions of western ghats rich in Black soil are known for the unique nature of cloves.

    Geographical Indication (GI) Tag

    • GI is a sign used on products that have a specific geographical origin and possess qualities or a reputation that are due to that origin.
    • It is a part of the intellectual property rights that comes under the Paris Convention for the Protection of Industrial Property.
    • In India, Geographical Indications registration is administered by the Geographical Indications of Goods (Registration and Protection) Act of 1999. 
    • The Geographical Indications Registry is located in Chennai.
    • Items Covered: Agricultural products, foodstuffs, wine and spirit drinks, handicrafts, and industrial products.
    • Benefits:
      • Prevents unauthorised use of a Registered Geographical Indication by others.
      • It provides legal protection to Indian Geographical Indications which in turn boost exports.
      • It promotes the economic prosperity of producers of goods produced in a geographical territory.

    Source: IE