1. How far is Integrated Farming System (IFS) helpful in sustaining agricultural production
2. Elaborate the impact of the National Watershed Project in increasing agricultural production from waterstressed areas.
3. How was India benefited from the contributions of Sir M. Visvesvaraya and Dr. M. S. Swaminathan in the fields of water engineering and agricultural science respectively?.
4. How has the emphasis on certain crops brought about changes in cropping patterns in recent past? Elaborate the emphasis on millets production and consumption.
5. What do you mean by Minimum Support Price (MSP)? How will MSP rescue the farmers from the low income trap?
6. Assess the role of National Horticulture Mission (NHM) in boosting the production, productivity and income of horticulture farms. How far has it succeeded in increasing the income of farmers?.
7.Examine the role of supermarkets in supply chain management of fruits, vegetables, and food items.How do they eliminate number of intermediaries?
8. How do subsidies affect the cropping pattern, crop diversity and economy of farmers? What is the significance of crop insurance, minimum support price and food processing for small and marginal farmers?
9. What are the major reasons for declining rice and wheat yield in the cropping system? How crop diversification is helpful to stabilise the yield of the crops in the system?.
10. Explain various types of revolutions, took place in Agriculture after Independence in India. How these revolutions have helped in poverty alleviation and food security in India?
11.Livestock rearing has a big potential for providing non-farm employment and income in rural areas. Discuss suggesting suitable measures to promote this sector in India
12.In view of the declining average size of land holdings in India which has made agriculture non–viable for a majority of farmers, should contract farming and land leasing be promoted in agriculture? Critically evaluate the pros and cons.
13.What is allelopathy? Discuss its role in major cropping systems of irrigated agriculture.
14.Discuss the role of land reforms in agricultural development Identify the factors that were responsible for the success of land reforms in India.
15.Given the vulnerability of Indian agriculture to vagaries of nature, discuss the need for crop insurance and bring out the salient features of the Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana (PMFBY).
16. What is water-use efficiency? Describe the role of micro-irrigation in increasing the water-use efficiency
17. “In the villages itself no form of credit organization will be suitable except the cooperative society.”
— All India Rural Credit Survey. Discuss this statement in the background of agricultural finance in India.
What constraints and challenges do financial institutions supplying agricultural finance face? How can
technology be used to better reach and serve rural clients?
18. There is also a point of view that Agricultural Produce Market Committees (APMCs) set up under the
State Acts have not only impeded the development of agriculture but also have been the cause of food
inflation in India. Critically examine..
19. Establish relationship between land reforms, agriculture productivity and elimination of poverty in the
Indian economy. Discuss the difficulties in designing and implementation of agriculture friendly land
reforms in India.
20. India needs to strengthen measures to promote the pink revolution in food industry for ensuring better
nutrition and health. Critically elucidate the statement.
21. What are the different types of agriculture subsidies given to farmers at the national and at state levels?
Critically analyse the agricultural subsidy regime with reference to the distortions created by it.
1. The need for cooperation among various service sector has been an inherent component of development
discourse. Partnership bridges bring the gap among the sectors. It also sets in motion a culture of
‘Collaboration’ and ‘team spirit’. In the light of statements above examine India’s Development process.
2. Performance of welfare schemes that are implemented for vulnerable sections is not so effective due to
the absence of their awareness and active involvement at all stages of policy process – Discuss
3. How is the Government of India protecting traditional knowledge of medicine from patenting by
4. Despite Consistent experience of High growth, India still goes with the lowest indicators of human
development. Examine the issues that make balanced and inclusive development elusive
5. There is a growing divergence in the relationship between poverty and hunger in India. The shrinking
of social expenditure by the government is forcing the poor to spend more on Non- Food essential items
squeezing their food – budget.- Elucidate
6. Implementation of information and Communication Technology (ICT) based Projects / Programmes
usually suffers in terms of certain vital factors. Identify these factors, and suggest measures for their
7.‘In the context of the neo-liberal paradigm of development planning, multi-level planning is expected to
make operations cost-effective and remove many implementation blockages.’-Discuss
8. How far do you agree with the view that the focus on lack of availability of food as the main cause of hunger takes the attention away from ineffective human development policies in India?
9. Appropriate local community-level healthcare intervention is a prerequisite to achieve ‘Health for All’
in India. Explain
10. Does the Rights of Persons with Disabilities Act, 2016 ensure effective mechanism for empowerment and inclusion of the intended beneficiaries in the society? Discuss.
11. ‘To ensure effective implementation of policies addressing water, sanitation and hygiene needs, the identification of beneficiary segments is to be synchronized with the anticipated outcomes’. Examine the statement in the context of the WASH scheme.
12. Hunger and Poverty are the biggest challenges for good governance in India still today. Evaluate how far successive governments have progressed in dealing with these humongous problems. Suggest measures for improvement.
13. Examine the main provisions of the National Child Policy and throw light on the status of its implementation.
14. Professor Amartya Sen has advocated important reforms in the realms of primary education and primary health care. What are your suggestions to improve their status and performance?
15. Public health system has limitations in providing universal health coverage. Do you think that private
sector could help in bridging the gap? What other viable alternatives would you suggest?
16. The quality of higher education in India requires major improvements to make it internationally
competitive. Do you think that the entry of foreign educational institutions would help improve the quality
of technical and higher education in the country? Discuss.
17. Though there have been several different estimates of poverty in India, all indicate reduction in poverty
levels over time. Do you agree? Critically examine with reference to urban and rural poverty indicators.
18. Do government’s schemes for up-lifting vulnerable and backward communities by protecting required
social resources for them, lead to their exclusion in establishing businesses in urban economies?
19. The concept of Mid Day Meal (MDM) scheme is almost a century old in India with early beginnings
in Madras Presidency in pre-independent India. The scheme has again been given impetus in most states
in the last two decades. Critically examine its twin objectives, latest mandates and success
20. Identify the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) that are related to health. Discuss the success of the actions taken by the Government for achieving the same.
1. How can biotechnology help to improve the living standards of farmers?
2. What is India’s plan to have its own space station and how will it benefit our space programme?
3. With growing energy needs should India keep on expanding its nuclear energy programme? Discuss the facts and fears associated with nuclear energy?
4. Discuss the work of ‘Bose-Einstein Statistics’ done by Prof. Satyendra Nath Bose and show how it revolutionized the field of Physics.
5. Why is there so much activity in the field of biotechnology in our country? How has this activity benefitted the field of biopharma?
6. India has achieved remarkable successes in unmanned space missions including the Chandrayaan and
Mars Orbiter Mission, but has not ventured into manned space mission. What are the main obstacles to
launching a manned space mission, both in terms of technology and logistics? Examine critically.
7. Give an account of the growth and development of nuclear science and technology in India. What is the advantage of fast breeder reactor programme in India?
8. Stem cell therapy is gaining popularity in India to treat a wide variety of medical conditions including Leukaemia, Thalassemia, damaged cornea and several burns. Describe briefly what stem cell therapy is and what advantages it has over other treatments?
9. Why is nanotechnology one of the key technologies of the 21st century? Describe the salient features of
Indian Government’s Mission on Nanoscience and Technology and the scope of its application in the
development process of the country
10. Discuss India’s achievements in the field of Space Science and Technology. How the application of
this technology has helped India in its socio-economic development?
11. What are the areas of prohibitive labour that can be sustainably managed by robots? Discuss the
initiatives that can propel research in premier research institutes for substantive and gainful innovation
12. India’s Traditional Knowledge Digital Library (TKDL), which has a database containing formatted
information on more than 2 million medicinal formulations is proving a powerful weapon in country’s
fight against erroneous patents. Discuss the pros and cons of making this database publicly available under
13. What do you understand by ‘Standard Positioning System’ and ‘Precision Positioning System’ in the
GPS era? Discuss the advantages India perceives from its ambitious IRNSS programme employing just
14. Can overuse and free availability of antibiotics without Doctor’s prescription, be contributors to the
emergence of drug-resistant diseases in India? What are the available mechanisms for monitoring and
control? Critically discuss the various issues involved.
15. Scientific research in Indian universities is declining, because a career in science is not as attractive as
are business professions, engineering or administration, and the universities are becoming consumeroriented. Critically comment
16. In a globalized world, Intellectual Property Rights assume significance and are a source of litigation.
Broadly distinguish between the terms—Copyrights, Patents and Trade Secrets
17. What do you understand by Umpire Decision Review System in Cricket? Discuss its various components. Explain how silicone tape on the edge of a bat may fool the system?
18. (a) What is a digital signature ? What does its authentication mean? Give various salient built-in
features of a digital signature. (b) How does the 3D printing technology work? List out the advantages and
disadvantages of the technology
19. Bringing out the circumstances in 2005 which forced amendment to the section 3(d) in Indian Patent
Law, 1970, discuss how it has been utilized by the Supreme Court in its judgement in rejecting Novratis’
patent application for ‘Glivec’. Discuss briefly the pros and cons of the decision.
20. What do you understand by Fixed Dose Drug Combinations (FDCs)? Discuss their merits and demerits
21. (a) What is an FRP composite material ? How are they manufactured? Discuss their applications in
aviation and automobile industries. (b) What do you understand by Run-of-river hydroelectricity project?
How is it different from any other hydroelectricity project?
1. On what grounds a people’s representative can be disqualified under the Representation of People Act, 1951? Also mention the remedies available to such person against his disqualification.
2. “Parliament’s power to amend the Constitution is a limited power and it cannot be enlarged into absolute power.” In the light of this statement explain whether Parliament under Article 368 of the Constitution can destroy the Basic Structure of the Constitution by expanding its amending power?
3. “The reservation of seats for women in the institutions of local self- government has had a limited impact on the patriarchal character of the Indian Political Process.” Comment.
4. “The Attorney-General is the chief legal adviser and lawyer of the Government of India.” Discuss
5. Do you think that constitution of India does not accept principle of strict separation of powers rather it is based on the principle of ‘checks and balance’?
6. From the resolution of contentious issues regarding distribution of legislative powers by the courts,‘Principle of Federal Supremacy’ and ‘Harmonious Construction’ have emerged. Explain.
7. What can France learn from the Indian Constitution’s approach to secularism?
8. How far do you agree with the view that tribunals curtail the jurisdiction of ordinary courts? In view of
the above, discuss the constitutional validity and competency of the tribunals in India?
9. India and USA are the two large democracies. Examine the basic tenets on which the two political systems are based.
10. How is the Finance Commission of India constituted? What do you know about the terms of reference of the recently constituted Finance Commission? Discuss.
11. Assess the importance of the Panchayat system in India as a part of local government. Apart from government grants, what sources the Panchayats can look out for financing development projects?
12. Multiplicity of various commissions for the vulnerable sections of the society leads to problems of overlapping jurisdiction & duplication of functions. Is it better to merge all commissions into an umbrella human rights commission? Argue your case.
13. In the light of recent controversy regarding the use of Electronic Voting Machine (EVM), what are the challenges before the Election Commission of India to ensure the trustworthiness of elections in India?
14. Whether National Commission for Scheduled Castes (NCSC) can enforce the implementation of constitutional reservation for the Scheduled Castes in the religious minority institutions? Examine.
15. Under what circumstances can the Financial Emergency be proclaimed by the President of India? What consequences follow when such a declaration remain in force?
16. Why do you think the committees are considered to be useful for parliamentary work? Discuss, in this context, the role of the Estimates Committee.
17. “The Comptroller and Auditor General (CAG) has a very vital role to play.” Explain how this is reflected in the method and terms of his appointment as well as the range of powers he can exercise.
18. Whether the Supreme Court Judgment (July 2018) can settle the political tussle between the Lt.Governor and elected government of Delhi? Examine.
19. Explain the salient features of the constitution (One Hundred and First Amendment) Act, 2016. Do
you think it is efficacious enough ‘to remove cascading effect of taxes and provide for common national
market for goods and services’?
20. Examine the scope of Fundamental Rights in the light of the latest judgement of the Supreme Court on Right to Privacy.
21. The Indian Constitution has provisions for holding a joint session of the two houses of the Parliament.Enumerate the occasions when this would normally happen and also the occasions when it cannot, with
22. To enhance the quality of democracy in India the Election Commission of India has proposed electoral reforms in 2016. What are the suggested reforms and how far are they significant to make democracy successful?
23. “The local self government system in India has not proved to be effective instrument of governance”.Critically examine the statement and give your views to improve the situation.
24. Critically examine the Supreme Court’s judgement on ‘National Judicial Appointments Commission Act, 2014’ with reference to appointment of judges of higher judiciary in India
25. ‘Simultaneous election to the Lok Sabha and the State Assemblies will limit the amount of time and money spent in electioneering but it will reduce the government’s accountability to the people’ Discuss.
26. How do pressure groups influence Indian political process? Do you agree with this view that informal pressure groups have emerged as powerful as formal pressure groups in recent years?
27. Exercise of CAG’s powers in relation to the accounts of the Union and the States is derived from
Article 149 of the Indian Constitution. Discuss whether audit of the Government’s policy implementation
could amount to overstepping its own (CAG) jurisdiction
28. Discuss each adjective attached to the word ‘Republic’ in the ‘Preamble’. Are they defendable in the
29. What was held in the Coelho case? In this context, can you say that judicial review is of key importance
amongst the basic features of the Constitution
30. Did the Government of India Act, 1935 lay down a federal constitution? Discuss.
31. What is quasi judicial body? Explain with the help of concrete examples.
32. Discuss the essentials of the 69th Constitutional Amendment Act and anomalies, if any, that have led to recent reported conflicts between the elected representatives and institution of Lieutenant Governor in the administration of Delhi. Do you think that this will give rise to a new trend in the functioning of the
Indian Federal Politics?
33. To what extent is Article 370 of the Indian Constitution, bearing marginal note “Temporary provision with respect to the State of Jammu and Kashmir”, temporary? Discuss the future prospects of this provision in the context of Indian polity.
34. “The Indian party system is passing through a phase of transition which looks to be full of contradictions and paradoxes.” Discuss.
35. Khap panchayats have been in the news for functioning as extra–constitutional authorities, often
delivering pronouncements amounting to human rights violations. Discuss critically the actions taken by
the legislative, executive and the judiciary to set the things right in this regard.
36. Resorting to ordinances has always raised concern on violation of the spirit of separation of powers
doctrine. While noting the rationales justifying the power to promulgate ordinances, analyse whether the
decisions of the Supreme Court on the issue have further facilitated resorting to this power. Should the
power to promulgate the ordinances be repealed?
37. What are the major changes brought in the Arbitration and Conciliation Act, 1996 through the recent
Ordinance promulgated by the President? How far will it improve India’s dispute resolution mechanism?
38. Does the right to clean environment entail legal regulation on burning crackers during Diwali? Discuss
in the light of Article 21 of Indian Constitution and Judgement(s) of the Apex court in this regard
39. Discuss the possible factors that inhibit India from enacting for its citizen a uniform civil code as provided for in the Directive Principles of State Policy.
40. The concept of cooperative federalism has been increasingly emphasised in recent years. Highlight the drawbacks in the existing structure and the extent to which cooperative federalism would answer the shortcomings.
41. In absence of well–educated and organised local level government system, ‘Panchayats’ and ‘Samitis’ have remained mainly political institutions and not effective instruments of governance. Critically discuss.
42. What do you understand by the concept “freedom of speech and expression”? Does it cover hate speech also? Why do the films in India stand on a slightly different plane from other forms of expression? Discuss
43. Instances of President’s delay in commuting death sentences has come under public debate as denial of justice. Should there be a time limit specified for the President to accept/reject such petitions? Analyse.
44. National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) in India can be most effective when its tasks are adequately supported by other mechanisms that ensure the accountability of a government. In light of theabove observation assess the role of NHRC as an effective complement to the judiciary and other institutions in promoting and protecting human rights standards.
45. Starting from inventing the ‘basic structure’ doctrine, the judiciary has played a highly proactive role
in ensuring that India develops into a thriving democracy. In light of the statement, evaluate the role played
by judicial activism in achieving the ideals of democracy.
46. Though the federal principle is dominant in our Constitution and that principle is one of its basic
features, but it is equally true that federalism under the Indian Constitution leans in favour of a strong
Centre, a feature that militates against the concept of strong federalism. Discuss.
47. The ‘Powers, Privileges and Immunities of Parliament and its Members’ as envisaged in Article 105 of the Constitution leave room for a large number of un-codified and un-enumerated privileges to continue.Assess the reasons for the absence of legal codification of the ‘parliamentary privileges’. How can this problem be addressed?
50. The role of individual MPs (Members of Parliament) has diminished over the years and as a result
healthy constructive debates on policy issues are not usually witnessed. How far can this be attributed to
the anti-defection law which was legislated but with a different intention?
51. Discuss Section 66A of IT Act, with reference to its alleged violation of Article 19 of the Constitution
52. Recent directives from Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas are perceived by the ‘Nagas’ as a threat
to override the exceptional status enjoyed by the State. Discuss in light of Article 371A of the Indian
53. ‘The Supreme Court of India keeps a check on arbitrary power of the Parliament in amending the Constitution.’ Discuss critically.
1. “What introduces friction into the ties between India and the United States is that Washington is still unable to find for India a position in its global strategy, which would satisfy India’s National self- esteem and ambitions” Explain with suitable examples
2. The time has come for India and Japan to build a strong contemporary relationship, one involving global and strategic partnership that will have a great significance for Asia and the world as a whole.’ Comment
3. ‘Too little cash, too much politics, leaves UNESCO fighting for life.’ Discuss the statement in the light of US’ withdrawal and its accusation of the cultural body as being ‘anti-Israel bias
4. The long-sustained image of India as a leader of the oppressed and marginalised Nations has disappeared on account of its new found role in the emerging global order” Elaborate (15)
5. What are the key areas of reform if the WTO has to survive in the present context of ‘Trade War’, especially keeping in mind the interest of India?
6. In what ways would the ongoing U.S-Iran Nuclear Pact Controversy affect the national interest of India? How should India respond to this situation?
7. “India’s relations with Israel have, of late, acquired a depth and diversity, which cannot be rolled back.”Discuss.
8. A number of outside powers have entrenched themselves in Central Asia, which is a zone of interest to India. Discuss the implications, in this context, of India’s joining the Ashgabat Agreement, 2018.
9. Indian Diaspora has an important role to play in South East Asian countries economy and society.Appraise the role of Indian Diaspora in South-East Asia in this context.
10. The question of India’s Energy Security Constitutes the most important part of India’s economic progress. Analyse India’s energy policy cooperation with West Asian countries.
11. ‘China is using its economic relations and positive trade surplus as tools to develop potential military power status in Asia’. In the light of this statement, discuss its impact on India as her neighbour.
12. What are the main functions of the United Nations Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC)? Explain different functional commissions attached to it.
13. What are the aims and objectives of the McBride Commission of the UNESCO? What is India’s position on these?
14. “The broader aims and objectives of WTO are to manage and promote international trade in the era of globalization. But the Doha round of negotiations seem doomed due to differences between the developed and the developing countries.” Discuss in the Indian perspective.
15. Evaluate the economic and strategic dimensions of India’s Look East Policy in the context of the post Cold War international scenario.
16. "Increasing crossborder terrorist attacks in India and growing interference in the internal affairs of several memberstates by Pakistan are not conducive for the future of SAARC (South Asian Associationfor Regional Cooperation)." Explain with suitable examples.
17. Terrorist activities and mutual distrust have clouded India – Pakistan relations. To what extent the use
of soft power like sports and cultural exchanges could help generate goodwill between the two countries?
Discuss with suitable examples.
18. Increasing interest of India in Africa has its pro and cons. Critically examine
19. Discuss the impediments India is facing in its pursuit of a permanent seat in UN Security Council.
20. Project ‘Mausam’ is considered a unique foreign policy initiative of Indian Government to improve relationship with its neighbours. Does the project have a strategic dimension? Discuss.
21. India has recently signed to become founding member of New Development Bank (NDB) and also the
Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB). How will the role of the two Banks be different? Discuss
the strategic significance of these two Banks for India.
22. WTO is an important international institution where decisions taken affect countries in a profound
manner. What is the mandate of WTO and how binding are their decisions? Critically analyse India’s stand
on the latest round of talks on Food security.
23. With respect to the South China sea, maritime territorial disputes and rising tension affirm the need for
safeguarding maritime security to ensure freedom of navigation and over flight throughout the region. In
this context, discuss the bilateral issues between India and China.
24. The aim of Information Technology Agreements (ITAs) is to lower all taxes and tariffs on information
technology products by signatories to zero. What impact would such agreements have on India’s interests?
25. Some of the International funding agencies have special terms for economic participation stipulating a
substantial component of the aid to be used for sourcing equipment from the leading countries. Discuss on
merits of such terms and if, there exists a strong case not to accept such conditions in the Indian context
26. What is meant by Gujral doctrine? Does it have any relevance today? Discuss.
27. The World Bank and the IMF, collectively known as the Bretton Woods Institutions, are the two intergovernmental pillars supporting the structure of the world’s economic and financial order. Superficially,the World Bank and the IMF exhibit many common characteristics, yet their role, functions and mandate are distinctly different. Elucidate.
28. Economic ties between India and Japan while growing in the recent years are still far below their potential. Elucidate the policy constraints which are inhibiting this growth.
29. The protests in Shahbag Square in Dhaka in Bangladesh reveal a fundamental split in society between the nationalists and Islamic forces. What is its significance for India?
30. Discuss the political developments in Maldives in the last two years. Should they be of any cause of concern to India?
31. In respect of India-Sri Lanka relations, discuss how domestic factors influence foreign policy
32. The proposed withdrawal of International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) from Afghanistan in 2014 is fraught with major security implications for the countries of the region. Examine in light of the fact that India is faced with a plethora of challenges and needs to safeguard its own strategic interests
33. What do you understand by ‘The String of Pearls’? How does it impact India? Briefly outline the steps taken by India to counter this.
1. Cross-Border movement of insurgents is only one of the several security challenges facing the policing
of the border in North-East India. Examine the various challenges currently emanating across the IndiaMyanmar border. Also, discuss the steps to counter the challenges.
2. The banning of ‘Jammat-e-Islami’ in Jammu and Kashmir brought into focus the role of over-ground workers (OGWs) in assisting terrorist organizations. Examine the role played by OGWs in assisting terrorist organizations in insurgency affected areas. Discuss measures to neutralize the influence of OGWs.
3. What is the CyberDome Project? Explain how it can be useful in controlling internet crimes in India.
4. Data security has assumed significant importance in the digitized world due to rising cyber crimes. The
Justice B.N. Srikrishna Committee Report addresses issues related to data security. What, in your view,
are the strengths and weaknesses of the Report relating to protection of personal data in cyber space?
5. India’s proximity to the two of the world’s biggest illicit opium growing states has enhanced her internal
security concerns. Explain the linkages between drug trafficking and other illicit activities such as
gunrunning, money laundering and human trafficking. What counter measures should be taken to prevent
6. The China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) is viewed as a cardinal subset of China’s larger ‘One
Belt One Road’ initiative. Give a brief description of CPEC and enumerate the reasons why India has
distanced itself from the same.
7. Left Wing Extremism (LWE) is showing a downward trend, but still affects many parts of the country.
Briefly explain the Government of India’s approach to counter the challenges posed by LWE.
8. The scourge of terrorism is a grave challenge to national security. What solutions do you suggest to curb
this growing menace? What are the major sources of terrorist funding?
9. Discuss the potential threats of Cyber attack and the security framework to prevent it.
10. The North-Eastern region of India has been infested with insurgency for a very long time. Analyze the
major reasons for the survival of armed insurgency in this region.
11. Mob violence is emerging as a serious law and order problem in India. By giving suitable examples,
analyze the causes and consequences of such violence.
12. Use of internet and social media by non-state actors for subversive activities is a major security
concern. How have these been misused in the recent past? Suggest effective guidelines to curb the above
13. Border management is a complex task due to difficult terrain and hostile relations with some countries.
Elucidate the challenges and strategies for effective border management
14. The terms ‘Hot Pursuit’ and ‘Surgical Strikes’ are often used in connection with armed action against
terrorist attacks. Discuss the strategic impact of such actions.
15. ‘Terrorism is emerging as a competitive industry over the last few decades.” Analyse the above
16. Religious indoctrination via digital media has resulted in Indian youth joining the
17. The persisting drives of the Government for development of large industries in backward areas have
resulted in isolating the tribal population and the farmers who face multiple displacements. With
Malkangiri and Naxalbari foci, discuss the corrective strategies needed to win the Left Wing Extremism
(LWE) doctrine affected citizens back into the mainstream of social and economic growth.
18. Considering the threats cyberspace poses for the country, India needs a “Digital Armed Forces” to prevent crimes. Critically evaluate the National Cyber Security Policy, 2013 outlining the challenges perceived in its effective implementation.
19. Discuss the advantages and security implications of cloud hosting of servers vis-a-vis in-house machine-based hosting for government businesses.
20. Human right activists constantly highlight the view that the Armed Forces (Special Powers) Act, 1958
(AFSPA) is a draconian act leading to cases of human rights abuses by the security forces. What sections
of AFSPA are opposed by the activists? Critically evaluate the requirement with reference to the view held
by the Apex Court.
21. In 2012, the longitudinal marking for high-risk areas for piracy was moved from 65 degrees east to 78
degrees east in the Arabian Sea by the International Maritime Organization. What impact does this have
on India’s maritime security concerns?
22. China and Pakistan have entered into an agreement for development of an economic corridor. What
threat does this pose for India’s security? Critically examine.
23. “The diverse nature of India as a multi-religious and multi-ethnic society is not immune to the impact
of radicalism which is seen in her neighbourhood.” Discuss along with strategies to be adopted to counter
24. International civil aviation laws provide all countries complete and exclusive sovereignty over the
airspace above their territory. What do you understand by ‘airspace? What are the implications of these
laws on the space above this airspace? Discuss the challenges which this poses and suggest ways to contain
25. How does illegal transborder migration pose a threat to India’s security? Discuss the strategies to curb this, bringing out the factors which give impetus to such migration
26. Aricle 244 of the Indian Constitution relates to administration of scheduled areas and tribal areas.
Analyse the impact of non-implementation of the provisions of the Fifth schedule on the growth of Left
27. How far are India’s internal security challenges linked with border management particularly in view
of the long porous borders with most countries of South Asia and Myanmar?
28. Money laundering poses a serious security threat to a country’s economic sovereignty. What is its significance for India and what steps are required to be taken to control this menace?
29. What are social networking sites and what security implications do these sites present?
30. Cyber warfare is considered by some defense analysts to be a larger threat than even Al Qaeda or terrorism. What do you understand by Cyber warfare? Outline the cyber threats which India is vulnerable to and bring out the state of the country’s preparedness to deal with the same.