1. Assess the role of British imperial power in complicating the process of transfer of power during the 1940s.
2. The 1857 Uprising was the culmination of the recurrent big and small local rebellions that had occurred in the preceding hundred years of British rule. Elucidate.
3. Examine the linkages between the nineteenth century's 'Indian Renaissance' and the emergence of national identity
4. Many voices had strengthened and enriched the nationalist movement during the Gandhian phase. Elaborate
5. Why indentured labour was taken by British from India to other colonies? Have they been able to
preserve their cultural identity over there?
6. Throw light on the significance of thoughts of Mahatma Gandhi in the present times.
7. Highlight the importance of new objective that got added to the vision of Indian independence since the
twenties of the last century
8. The women’s questions arose in modern India as a part of the 19th century social reform movement.What were the major issues and debates concerning women in that period?
9. Clarify how mid-eighteenth century India was beset with the spectre of a fragmented polity?
10. Why did the ‘Moderates’ fail to carry conviction with the nation about their proclaimed ideology and political goals by the end of the nineteenth century?
11. Examine how the decline of traditional artisanal industry in colonial India crippled the rural economy.
12. Highlight the difference in the approach of Subhash Chandra Bose and Mahatma Gandhi in the struggle for freedom.
13. Explain how the upraising of 1857 constitutes an important watershed in the evolution of British policies towards colonial India.
14. Discuss the role of women in the freedom struggle especially during the Gandhian phase
15. It would have been difficult for the Constituent Assembly to complete its historic task of drafting the
Constitution for Independent India in just three years but for the experience gained with the Government
of India Act, 1935. Discuss
16. How different would have been the achievement of Indian independence without Mahatma Gandhi?
17. Mahatma Gandhi and Dr. B. R. Ambedkar, despite having divergent approaches and strategies, had a
common goal of amelioration of the downtrodden. Elucidate
18. In what ways did the naval mutiny prove to be the last nail in the coffin of British colonial aspirations in India?
19. What were the major political, economic and social developments in the world which motivated the anti-colonial struggle in India?
20. The third battle of Panipat was fought in 1761. Why were so many empire-shaking battles fought at Panipat?
21. Examine critically the various facets of economic policies of the British in India from mid-eighteenth
century till independence.
22. “In many ways, Lord Dalhousie was the founder of modern India.” Elaborate
23. Critically discuss the objectives of Bhoodan and Gramdan Movements initiated by Acharya Vinoba Bhave and their success.
24. Defying the barriers of age, gender and religion, the Indian women became the torch-bearer during the struggle for freedom in India. Discuss.
25. Several foreigners made India their homeland and participated in various movements. Analyze their role in the Indian struggle for freedom.
1. Individual Parliamentarian’s role as the national lawmaker is on a decline, which in turn, has adversely
impacted the quality of debates and their outcome. Discuss.
2. Indian Government has recently strengthened the anti-terrorism laws by amending the unlawful
Activities (Prevention) Act (UAPA), 1967 and the NIA act. Analyze the changes in the context of the
prevailing security environment while discussing the scope and reasons for opposing the UAPA by human
3. The Central Administration Tribunal which was established for redressal of grievances and complaints
by or against central government employees, nowadays is exercising its powers as an independent judicial
4. What are the methods used by the Farmers organizations to influence the policy- makers in India and
how effective are these methods?
5. The Citizens’ Charter is an ideal instrument of organizational transparency and accountability, but it has
its own limitations. Identify the limitations and suggest measures for greater effectiveness of the Citizens’
6. E-governance is not only about utilization of the power of new technology, but also much about critical importance of the ‘use value’ of information. Explain.
7. “Policy Contradictions among various competing sectors and stakeholders have resulted in inadequate ‘protection and prevention of degradation’ to environment.” Comment with relevant illustrations.
8. “Poverty Alleviation programs in India remain mere showpieces until and unless they are backed up by political will.” Discuss with reference to the performance of the major poverty alleviation program in India.
9. Initially Civil Services in India were designed to achieve the goals of neutrality and effectiveness, which
seems to be lacking in the present context. Do you agree with the view that drastic reforms are required in
Civil Services. Comme
10. Discuss the role of Public Accounts Committee in establishing accountability of the government to the people.
11. Is the National Commission for Women able to strategise and tackle the problems that women face at both public and private spheres? Give reasons in support of your answer.
12. ‘The emergence of Self Help Groups (SHGs) in contemporary times points to the slow but steady withdrawal of the state from developmental activities’. Examine the role of the SHGs in developmental activities and the measures taken by the Government of India to promote the SHGs.
13. In the integrity index of Transparency International, India stands very low. Discuss briefly the legal, political, social and cultural factors that have caused the decline of public morality in India.
14. Has the Indian governmental system responded adequately to the demands of Liberalization,
Privatization and Globalization started in 1991? What can the government do to be responsive to this
15. “Traditional bureaucratic structure and culture have hampered the process of socio-economic
development in India.” Comment.
16. “In the Indian governance system, the role of non-state actors has been only marginal.” Critically
examine this statement.
17. “Demographic Dividend in India will remain only theoretical unless our manpower becomes more
educated, aware, skilled and creative.” What measures have been taken by the government to enhance the
capacity of our population to be more productive and employable?
18. “Effectiveness of the government system at various levels and people’s participation in the governance
system are interdependent” Discuss their relationship in the context of India.
19. In the light of Satyam Scandal (2009), discuss the changes brought in corporate governance to ensure
20. “If amendment bill to the Whistleblowers Protection Act, 2011 tabled in the Parliament is passed, there may be no one left to protect.” Critically evaluate.
21. “For achieving the desired objectives, it is necessary to ensure that the regulatory institutions remain independent and autonomous.” Discuss in the light of experiences in recent past.
22. Examine critically the recent changes in the rules governing foreign funding of NGOs under the Foreign Contribution (Regulation) Act (FCRA), 1976.
23. The Self Help Group (SHG) Bank Linkage Programme (SBLP), which is India’s own innovation has proved to be one of the most effective poverty alleviation and women empowerment programmes.Elucidate
24. How can the role of NGOs be strengthened in India for development works relating to protection of the environment? Discuss throwing light on the major constraints.
25. An athlete participates in Olympics for personal triumph and nation’s glory; victors are showered with
cash incentives by various agencies, on their return. Discuss the merit of state sponsored talent hunt and
its cultivation as against the rationale of a reward mechanism as encouragement.
26. Should the premier institutes like IITs/IIMs be allowed to retain premier status, allowed more academic independence in designing courses and also decide mode/criteria of selection of students. Discuss in light of the growing challenges
27. Has the Cadre based Civil Services Organization been the cause of slow change in India ? Critically
28. Two parallel run schemes of the Government, viz. the Adhaar Card and NPR, one as voluntary and the
other as compulsory, have led to debates at national levels and also litigations. On merits, discuss whether
or not both schemes need run concurrently. Analyse the potential of the schemes to achieve developmental
benefits and equitable growth.
29. The size of the cabinet should be as big as governmental work justifies and as big as the Prime Minister
can manage as a team. How far is the efficacy of a government then inversely related to the size of the
30. Though 100 percent FDI is already allowed in non-news media like a trade publication and general
entertainment channel, the Government is mulling over the proposal for incr>eased FDI in news media for
quite some time. What difference would an increase in FDI make? Critically evaluate the pros and cons
31. The setting up of a Rail Tariff Authority to regulate fares will subject the cash strapped Indian Railways
to demand subsidy for obligation to operate non-profitable routes and services. Taking into account the
experience in the power sector, discuss if the proposed reform is expected to benefit the consumers, the
Indian Railways or the private container operators.
32. The penetration of Self Help Groups (SHGs) in rural areas in promoting participation in development
programmes is facing socio-cultural hurdles. Examine.
33. Electronic cash transfer system for the welfare schemes is an ambitious project to minimize corruption,
eliminate wastage and facilitate reforms. Comment.
34. The basis of providing urban amenities in rural areas (PURA) is rooted in establishing connectivity.Comment.
35. Though Citizens’ charters have been formulated by many public service delivery organizations, there
is no corresponding improvement in the level of citizens’ satisfaction and quality of services being
36. ‘A national Lokpal, however strong it may be, cannot resolve the problems of immorality in public affairs.’ Discuss
37. Many State Governments further bifurcate geographical administrative areas like Districts and Talukas
for better governance. In light of the above, can it also be justified that more number of smaller States
would bring in effective governance at State level? Discuss.
38. Discuss the recommendations of the 13th Finance Commission which have been a departure from the
previous commissions for strengthening the local government finances.
39. The product diversification of financial institutions and insurance companies, resulting in overlapping
of products and services strengthens the case for the merger of the two regulatory agencies namely SEBI
and IRDA. Justify.
40. The legitimacy and accountability of Self Help Groups (SHGs) and their patrons, the micro-finance
outfits, need systematic assessment and scrutiny for the sustained success of the concept. Discuss.
41. The Central Government frequently complains on the poor performance of the State Governments in eradicating suffering of the vulnerable sections of the society. Restructuring of Centrally sponsored schemes across the sectors for ameliorating the cause of vulnerable sections of population aims at providing flexibility to the States in better implementation. Critically evaluate.
(a) What are the basic principles of public life? Illustrate any three of these with suitable examples.
(b) What do you understand by the term ‘public servant’? Reflect on the expected role of public servant.
2.(a) What is meant by the term ‘constitutional morality’? How does one uphold constitutional morality?
(b) What is meant by ‘crisis of conscience’? How does it manifest itself in the public domain?
3.(a) Explain the basic principles of citizens charter movement and bring out its importance.
(b) There is a view that the Official Secrets Act is an obstacle to the implementation of Right to Information
Act. Do you agree with the view? Discuss.
4.(a) What do you understand by probity in governance? Based on your understanding of the term, suggest
measures for ensuring probity in government.
(b) “Emotional Intelligence is the ability to make your emotions work for you instead of against you”. Do
you agree with this view? Discuss
What do each of the following quotations mean to you?
5.(a) “An unexamined life is not worth living”. – Socrates
(b) “A man is but a product of his thoughts. What he thinks he becomes.” – M.K. Gandhi
(c) “Where there is righteousness in the heart, there is beauty in the character. When there is beauty in the
character, there is harmony in the home. When there is harmony in the home, there is order in the nation.
When there is order in the nation, there is peace in the world” – A.P.J. Abdul Kalam
6.(a) Effective utilization of public funds is crucial to meet development goals. Critically examine the
reasons for under-utilization and mis-utilization of public funds and their implications.
(b) “Non-performance of duty by a public servant is a form of corruption”. Do you agree with this view?
Justify your answer.
7. (a) Suppose the Government of India is thinking of constructing a dam in a mountain valley bound by forests and inhabited by ethnic communities. What rational policy should it resort to in dealing with unforeseen contingencies?
(b) Explain the process of resolving ethical dilemmas in Public Administration
8. What do each of the following quotations means to you in the present context?
(a) “The true rule, in determining to embrace, or reject any thing, is not whether it has any evil in it; but
whether it has more evil than good. There are few things wholly evil or wholly good. Almost every thing,
especially of government policy, is an inseparable compound of the two; so that our best judgment of the
preponderance between them is continually demanded.” – Abraham Lincoln.
(b) “Anger and intolerance are the enemies of correct understanding.” – Mahatma Gandhi.
(c) “Falsehood takes the place of truth when it results in unblemished common good.” – Tirukkural
9. (a) State the three basic values, universal in nature, in the context of civil services and bring out their importance.
(b) Distinguish between “Code of ethics” and “Code of conduct” with suitable examples.
10. (a) What is meant by conflict of interest? Illustrate with examples, the difference between the actual and potential conflicts of interest.
(b) “In looking for people to hire, you look for three qualities: integrity, intelligence and energy. And if
they do not have the first, the other two will kill you.” —Warren Buffet
What do you understand by this statement in the present-day scenario? Explain.
11. (a) “In doing a good thing, everything is permitted which is not prohibited expressly or by clear
implication.” Examine the statement with suitable examples in the context of a public servant discharging
his/her duties.(b) With regard to morality of actions, one view is that means are of paramount importance and the other view is that the ends justify the means. Which view do you think is more appropriate? Justify your answer.
12. (a) What is meant by public interest? What are the principles and procedures to be followed by civil servants in public interest?
(b) “The Right to Information Act is not all about citizens’ empowerment alone, it essentially redefines the concept of accountability.” Discuss
13. (a) The crisis of ethical values in modern times is traced to a narrow perception of the good life.Discuss.
(b) Increased national wealth did not result in equitable distribution of its benefits. It has created only some “enclaves of modernity and prosperity for a small minority at the cost of the majority.” Justify.
14. (a) Discipline generally implies following the order and subordination. However, it may be counterproductive for the organisation. Discuss.
(b) Without commonly shared and widely entrenched moral values and obligations, neither the law, nor
democratic government, nor even the market economy will function properly.
What do you understand by this statement? Explain with illustration in the contemporary times.
15. Conflict of interest in the public sector arises when
(a) official duties,
(b) public interest, and
(c) personal interest
are taking priority one above the other.
How can this conflict in administration be resolved? Describe with an example
16. Young people with ethical conduct are not willing to come forward to join active politics. Suggest
steps to motivate them to come forward.
17. (a) One of the tests of integrity is complete refusal to be compromised. Explain with reference to a real
(b) Corporate social responsibility makes companies more profitable and sustainable. Analyse.
18. (a) “Great ambition is the passion of a great character. Those endowed with it may perform very good
or very bad acts. All depends on the principles which direct them.” – Napoleon Bonaparte.
Stating examples mention the rulers (i) who have harmed society and country, (ii) who worked for the
development of society and country.
(b) “If a country is to be corruption free and become a nation of beautiful minds, I strongly feel there are
three key societal members who can make a difference. They are the father, the mother and the teacher.”
– A.P.J. Abdul Kalam. Analyse.
19. (a) How will you apply emotional intelligence in administrative practices?
(b) Strength, peace and security are considered to be the pillars of international relations. Elucidate.
20. Examine the relevance of the following in the context of civil service:
(c) Fairness and Justice
(d) Courage of Conviction
(e) Spirit of service
21. Our attitudes towards life, work, other people and society are generally shaped unconsciously by the
family and the social surroundings in which we grow up. Some of these unconsciously acquired attitudes
and values are often undesirable in the citizens of a modern democratic and egalitarian society.
(a) Discuss such undesirable values prevalent in today's educated Indians.
(b) How can such undesirable attitudes be changed and socioethical values considered necessary in public
services be cultivated in the aspiring and serving civil servants?
22. Anger is a harmful negative emotion. It is injurious to both personal life and work life.(a) Discuss how it leads to negative emotions and undesirable behaviours.
(b) How can it be managed and controlled?
23. “Max Weber said that it is not wise to apply to public administration the sort of moral and ethical
norms we apply to matters of personal conscience. It is important to realize that the state bureaucracy
might possess its own independent bureaucratic morality.” Critically analyse this statement.
24. (a) Explain how ethics contributes to social and human well-being.
(b) Why should impartiality and non-partisanship be considered as foundational values in public services,
especially in the present day socio-political context? Illustrate your answer with examples.
25. (a) What do you understand by the terms ‘governance’, ‘good governance’ and ‘ethical governance’?
(b) Discuss Mahatma Gandhi’s Concept of seven sin.
26. (a) Analyse John Rawls’s concept of social justice in the Indian context.
(b) Discuss the Public Services Code as recommended by the 2nd Administrative Reforms Commission
27. (a) “Corruption causes misuse of government treasury, administrative inefficiency and obstruction in
the path of national development.” Discuss Kautilya’s views.
(b) How could social influence and persuasion contribute to the success of Swachh Bharat Abhiyan?
28. Law and Ethics are considered to be the two tools for controlling human conduct so as to make it conducive to civilized social existence.
(a) Discuss how they achieve this objective.
(b) Discuss how they achieve this objective.
29. (a) What is meant by ‘environmental ethics’? Why is it important to study? Discuss any one
environmental issue from the viewpoint of environmental ethics.
(b) Differentiate between the following:
Law and Ethics
Ethical management and Management of ethics
Discrimination and Preferential treatment
Personal ethics and Professional ethics
30. Given are two quotations of moral thinkers/philosophers. For each of these, bring out what it means to
you in the present context:
(a) “The weak can never forgive; forgiveness is the attribute of the strong.”
(b) “We can easily forgive a child who is afraid of the dark; the real tragedy of life is when men are afraid
of the light
31. (a) “A mere compliance with law is not enough, the public servant also has to have a well-developed
sensibility to ethical issues for effective discharge of duties.” Do you agree? Explain with the help of two
examples, where (i) an act is ethically right, but not legally and (ii) an act is legally right, but not ethically.
(b) How do the virtues of trustworthiness and fortitude get manifested in public service? Explain with
32. (a) “Social values are more important than economic values.” Discuss the above statement with
examples in the context of inclusive growth of a nation.
(b) Some recent developments such as introduction of RTI Act, media and judicial activism, etc., are
proving helpful in bringing about greater transparency and accountability in the functioning of the
government. However, it is also being observed that at times the mechanisms are misused. Another
negative effect is that the officers are now afraid to take prompt decisions. Analyze this situation in detail
and suggest how this dichotomy can be resolved. Suggest how these negative impacts can be minimized
33. Two different kinds of attitudes exhibited by public servants towards their work have been identified
as the bureaucratic attitude and the democratic attitude.
(a) Distinguish between these two terms and write their merits and demerits,
(b) Is it possible to balance the two to create a better administration for the faster development of our
34. Today we find that in spite of various measures like prescribing codes of conduct, setting up vigilence
cells/commissions, RTI, active media and strengthening of legal mechanisms, corrupt practices are not
coming under control.
(a) Evaluate the effectiveness of these measures with justifications.
(b) Suggest more effective strategies to tackle this menace.
35. At the international level, the bilateral relations between most nations are governed on the policy of
promoting one’s own national interest without any regard for the interest of other nations. This leads to
conflicts and tensions between the nations. How can ethical consideration help resolve such tensions?
Discuss with specific examples.
36. Public servants are likely to confront with the issues of ‘Conflict of Interest’. What do you understand
by the term ‘Conflict of Interest’ and how does it manifest in the decision making by public servants? If
faced with the conflict of interest situation, how would you resolve it? Explain with the help of examples.
1. An apparel manufacturing company having a large number of women employees was losing sales due to various
factors. The company hired a reputed marketing executive, who increased the volume of sales within a short span
of time. However, some unconfirmed reports came up regarding his indulgence in sexual harassment at the
After sometime a woman employee launched a formal complaint to the management against the marketing executive
about sexually harassing her. Faced with the companies’ indifference, in not taking cognizance of her grievances,
she lodged an FIR with the police.
Realizing the sensitivity and gravity of the situation, the company called the woman employee to negotiate. In that
she was offered a hefty sum of money to withdraw the complaint and the FIR and also give in writing that the
marketing executive is not involved in the case.
Identify the ethical issues involved in this case. What options are available to the woman employee?
2. In a modern democratic polity, there is a concept of the political executive and permanent executive. Elected
people’s representatives form the political executive and bureaucracy forms the permanent executive. Ministers
frame policy decisions and bureaucrats execute these. In the initial decades after independence, the relationship
between the permanent executive and the political executive were characterized by mutual understanding, respect
and cooperation, without encroaching upon each other’s domain.
However, in the subsequent decades, the situation has changed. There are instances of the political executive
insisting upon the permanent executive to follow its agenda. Respect for an appreciation of upright bureaucrats has
declined. There is an increasing tendency among the political executive to get involved in routine administrative
matters such as transfers, posting etc. Under this scenario, there is a difinitive trend towards ‘politicization of
bureaucracy’. The rising materialism and acquisitiveness in social life has also adversely impacted upon the ethical
values of both the permanent executive and the political executive.
What are the consequences of this ‘politicization of bureaucracy’? Discuss.
3. In one of the districts of a frontier state, narcotics menace has been rampant. This has resulted in money
laundering, mushrooming of poppy farming, arms smuggling and near stalling of education. The system is on the
verge of collapse. The situation has been further worsened by unconfirmed reports that local politicians as well as
some senior police officers are providing surreptitious patronage to the drug mafia. At that point of time a woman
police officer, known for her skills in handling such situations is appointed as superintendent of police to bring the
situation to normalcy.
If you are the same police officer, identify the various dimensions of the crisis. Based on your understanding, suggest
measures to deal with the crisis.
4. In recent times, there has been an increasing concern in India to develop effective civil service ethics, code of
conduct, transparency measures, ethics and integrity systems and anti-corruption agencies. In view of this, there is
a need being felt to focus on three specific areas, which are directly relevant to the problems of internalizing integrity
and ethics in the civil services. These are as follows:
Anticipating specific threats to ethical standards and integrity in the civil services,
Strengthening the ethical competence of civil servants and Developing administrative processes and practices which
promote ethical values and integrity in civil services. Suggest institutional measures to address the above three
5. You are heading the rescue operations in an area affected by severe natural calamity. Thousands of people are
rendered homeless and deprived of food, drinking water and other basic amenities. Rescue work has been disrupted
by heavy rainfall and damage to supply routes. The local people are seething with anger against the delayed limited
rescue operations. When your team reaches the affected area, the people there heckle and even assault some of the
team members . One of your team members is even severely injured. Faced with this crisis, some team members
plead with you to call off the operations fearing threats to their life.
In such trying circumstances, what will be your response? Examine the qualities of a public servant which will be
required to manage the situation.
6. Honesty and uprightness are the hallmarks of a civil servant. Civil servants possessing these qualities are
considered as the backbone of any strong organization. In line of duty, they take various decisions, at times some
become bonafide mistakes. As long as such decisions are not taken intentionally and do not benefit personally, the
officer cannot be said to be guilty. Though such decisions may, at times, lead to unforeseen adverse consequences
in the long-term.
In the recent past, a few instances have surfaced wherein civil servants have been implicated for bonafide mistakes.
They have often been prosecuted and even imprisoned. The instances have greatly rattled the moral fibre of the civil
How does this trend affect the functioning of the civil services? What measures can be taken to ensure the honest
civil servants are not implicated for the bonafide mistakes on their part? Justify your answer.
7. Edward Snowden, a computer expert and former CIA administrator, released confidential Government documents
to the press about the existence of Government surveillance programmes. According to many legal experts and the
US Government, his action violated the Espionage act of 1971, which identified the leak of State secret as an act of
treason. Yet, despite the fact that he broke the law, Snowden argued that he had a moral obligation to act. He gave
a justification for his “whistle blowing” by stating that he had a duty “to inform the public as to that which is done
in there name and that which is done against them.”
According to Snowden, the Government’s violation of privacy had to be exposed regardless of legality since more
substantive issues of social action and public morality were involved here. Many agreed with Snowden. Few argued
that he broke the law and compromised national security, for which he should be held accountable.
Do you agree that Snowden’s actions were ethically justified even if legally prohibited? Why or why not? Make an
argument by weighing the competing values in this case.
8. Rakesh is a responsible district level officer, who enjoys the trust of his higher officials. Knowing his honesty,
the government entrusted him with the responsibility of identifying the beneficiaries under a health care scheme
meant for senior citizens.
The criteria to be a beneficiary are the following:
(a) 60 years of age or above.
(b) Belonging to a reserved community.
(c) Family income of less than 1 Lakh rupees per annum.
(d) Post-treatment prognosis is likely to be high to make a positive difference to the quality of life of the beneficiary.
One day, an old couple visited Rakesh’s office with their application. They have been the residents of a village in
his district since their birth. The old man is diagnosed with a rare condition that causes obstruction in the large
intestine. As a consequence, he has severe abdominal pain frequently that prevents him from doing any physical
labour. The couple has no children to support them. The expert surgeon whom they contacted is willing to do the
surgery without charging any fee. However, the couple will have to bear the cost of incidental charges, such as
medicines, hospitalization, etc., to the tune of rupees one lakh. The couple fulfils all the criteria except criterion ‘b’.
However, any financial aid would certainly make a significant difference in their quality of life.
How should Rakesh respond to the situation? (250 words)
9. It is a State where prohibition is in force. You are recently appointed as the Super-intendent of Police of a district
notorious for illicit distillation of liquor. The illicit liquor leads to many death, reported and unreported, and causes
a major problem for the district authorities.
The approach till now had been to view it as a law and order problem and tackle it accordingly. Raids, arrest, police
cases, and criminal trials – all these had only limited impact. The problem remains as serious as ever.
Your inspections show that the parts of the district where the distillation flourishes are economically, industrially
and educationally backward. Agriculture is badly affected by poor irrigation facilities. Frequent clashes among
communities gave boost to illicit distillation. No major initiatives had taken place in the past either from the
government’s side or from social organizations to improve the lot of the people.
Which new approach will you adopt to bring the problem under control? (250 words)
10. A big corporate house is engaged in manufacturing industrial chemicals on a large scale. It proposes to set up
an additional unit. Many states rejected its proposal due to the detrimental effect on the environment. But one state
government acceded to the request and permitted the unit close to a city, brushing aside all opposition.
The unit was set up 10 years ago and was in full swing till recently. The pollution caused by the industrial effluents
was affecting the land, water and crops in the area. It was also causing serious health problems to human beings and
animals. This gave rise to a series of agitations demanding the closure of the plant. In a recent agitation thousands
of people took part, creating a law and order problem necessitating stern police action. Following the public outcry,
the State government ordered the closure of the factory.
The closure of the factory resulted in the unemployment of not only those workers who were engaged in the factory
but also those who were working in the ancillary units. It also very badly affected those industry which depended
on the chemicals manufactured by it.
As a senior officer entrusted with the responsibility of handling this issues, how are you going to address it? (250
11. Dr X is a leading medical practitioner in a city. He has set up a charitable trust through which he plans to establish
a super-speciality hospital in the city to cater to the medical needs of all sections of the society. Incidentally, that
part of the State had been neglected over the years. The proposed hospital would be a boon for the region.
You are heading the tax investigation agency of that region. During an inspection of the doctor’s clinic, your officers
have found out some major irregularities. A few of them are substantial which had resulted in considerable
withholding of tax that should be paid by him now. The doctor is cooperative. He undertakes to pay the tax
However, there are certain other deficiencies in his tax compliance which are purely technical in nature. If these
technical defaults are pursued by the agency, considerable time and energy of the doctor will be diverted to issues
which are not so serious, urgent or even helpful to the tax collection process. Further, in all probability, it will
hamper the prospects of the hospital coming up.
There are two options before you:
Taking a broader view, ensure substantial tax compliance and ignore defaults that are merely technical in nature.
Pursue the matter strictly and proceed on all fronts, whether substantial or merely technical.
As the head of the tax agency, which course of action will you opt and why? (250 words)
12. As a senior officer in the Ministry, you have access to important policy decisions and upcoming big
announcements such as road construction projects before they
are notified in the public domain. The Ministry is about to announce a mega road project for which the drawings are
already in place. Sufficient care was taken by the planners to make use of the government land with the minimum
land acquisition from private parties. Compensation rate for private parties was also finalized as per government
rules. Care was also taken to minimize deforestation. Once the project is announced, it is expected that there will be
a huge spurt in real estate prices in and around that area.
Meanwhile, the Minister concerned insists that you realign the road in such a way that it comes closer to his 20 acres
farmhouse. He also suggests that he would facilitate the purchase of a big plot of land in your wife name at the
prevailing rate which is very nominal, in and around the proposed mega road project. He also tries to convince you
by saying that there is no harm in it as he is buying the land legally. He even promises to supplement your savings
in case you do not have sufficient funds to buy the land. However, by the act of realignment, a lot of agricultural
lands has to be acquired, thereby causing a considerable financial burden on the government, and also the displacement of the farmers. As if this is not enough, it will involve cutting down of a large number of trees denuding
the area of its green cover.
Faced with this situation, what will you do? Critically examine various conflicts of interest and explain what your
responsibilities are as a public servant. (250 words)
13. A building permitted for three floors, while being extended illegally to 6 floors by a builder, collapses. As a
consequence, a number of innocent labourers including women and children died. These labourers are migrants of
different places. The government immediately announced cash relief to the aggrieved families and arrested the
Give reasons for such incidents taking place across the country. Suggest measures to prevent their occurrence.
14. You are an honest and responsible civil servant. You often observe the following:
(a) There is a general perception that adhering to ethical conduct one may face difficulties to oneself and cause
problems for the family, whereas unfair practices may help to reach the career goals.
(b) When the number of people adopting unfair means is large, a small minority having a penchant towards ethical
means makes no difference.
(c) Sticking to ethical means is detrimental to the larger developmental goals
(d) While one may not involve oneself in large unethical practices, but giving and accepting small gifts makes the
system more efficient.
Examine the above statements with their merits and demerits.
15. You are aspiring to become an IAS officer and you have cleared various stages and now you have been selected
for the personal interview. On the day of the interview, on the way to the venue you saw an accident where a mother
and child who happen to be your relatives were badly injured. They needed immediate help.
What would you have done in such a situation? Justify your action.
16. You are a Public Information Officer (PIO) in a government department. You are aware that the RTI Act 2005
envisages transparency and accountability in administration. The act has functioned as a check on the supposedly
arbitrarily administrative behaviour and actions. However, as a PIO you have observed that there are citizens who
filed RTI applications not for themselves but on behalf of such stakeholders who purportedly want to have access
to information to further their own interests. At the same time there are these RTI activists who routinely file RTI
applications and attempt to extort money from the decision makers. This type of RTI activism has affected the
functioning of the administration adversely and also possibly jeopardises the genuineness of the applications which
are essentially aimed at getting justice.
What measures would you suggest to separate genuine and non-genuine applications? Give merits and demerits of
17. You are the head of the Human Resources department of an organization. One day one of the workers died on
duty. His family was demanding compensation. However, the company denied compensation because it was
revealed in investigation that he was drunk at the time of the accident. The workers of the company went on to strike
demanding compensation for the family of the deceased. The Chairman of the management board has asked for your
What recommendation would you provide to the management?
Discuss the merits and demerits of each of the recommendation.
18. You are the manager of a spare parts company A and you have to negotiate a deal with the manager of a large
manufacturing company B. The deal is highly competitive and sealing the deal is critical for your company. The
deal is being worked out over a dinner. After dinner the manager of manufacturing company B offered to drop you
to the hotel in his car. On the way to hotel he happens to hit motorcycle injuring the motorcyclist badly. You know
the manager was driving fast and thus lost control. The law enforcement officer comes to investigate the issue and
you are the sole eyewitness to it. Knowing the strict laws pertaining to road accidents you are aware that your honest
account of the incident would lead to the prosecution of the manager and as a consequence the deal is likely to bejeopardised, which is of immense importance to your company.
What are the dilemmas you face? What will be your response to the situation?
19. ABC Ltd. is a large transnational company having diversified business activities with a huge shareholder base.
The company is continuously expanding the generating employment. The company, in its expansion and
diversification programme, decides to establish a new plant at Vikaspuri, an area which is underdeveloped. The new
plant is designed to use energy efficient technology that will help the company to save production cost by 20%. The
company’s decision goes well with the Government policy of attracting investment to develop such underdeveloped
regions. The government has also announced tax holiday for five years for the companies that invest in
underdeveloped areas. However, the new plant may bring chaos for the inhabitants of Vikaspuri region, which is
otherwise tranquil. The new plant may result in increased cost of living, aliens migrating to the region, disturbing
the social and economic order. The company sensing the possible protest tried to educate the people of Vikaspuri
region and public in general that how its Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) policy would help overcome the
likely difficulties of the residents of Vikaspuri region. In spite of this the protests begin and some of the residents
decided to approach the judiciary as their plea before the Government did not yield any result.
(a) Identify the issues involved in the case.
(b) What can be suggested to satisfy the company’s goal and to address the residents’ concern?
20. Saraswati was a successful IT professional in USA. Moved by patriotic sense of doing something for the country
she returned to India. Together with some other like-minded friends, she formed an NGO to build a school for a
poor rural community. The objective of the school was to provide the best quality modern education at a nominal
cost. She soon discovered that she has to seek permission from a number of Government agencies. The rules and
procedures were quite confusing and cumbersome. What frustrated her most were delays, callous attitude of officials
and constant demand for bribes. Her experience and the experience of many others like her have deterred people
from taking up social service projects.
A measure of Government control over voluntary social work is necessary. But it should not be exercised in a
coercive a corrupt manner. What measures can you suggest to ensure that due control is exercised but well meaning,
honest NGO efforts are not thwarted?
21. A fresh engineering graduate gets a job in a prestigious chemical industry. She likes the work. The salary is also
good. However, after a few months she accidentally discovers that a highly toxic waste is being secretly discharged
into a river nearby. This is causing health problems to the villagers downstream who depend on the river for their
water needs. She is perturbed and mentions her concern to her colleagues who have been with the company for
longer periods. They advise her to keep quite as anyone who mentions the topic is summarily dismissed. She cannot
risk losing her job as she is the sole beard-winner for her family and has to support her ailing parents and siblings.
At first, she thinks that if her seniors are keeping quiet, why should she stick out her neck. But her conscience pricks
her to do something to save the river and the people who depend upon it. At heart she feels that the advice of silence
given by her friends is not correct though she cannot give reasons for it. She thinks you are a wise person and seeks
(a) What arguments can you advance to show her that keeping quiet is not morally right?
(b) What course of action would you advice her to adopt and why?
22. Land needed for mining, dams and other largescale projects is acquired mostly from Adivasis, hill dwellers and
rural communities. The displaced persons are paid monetary compensation as per the legal provisions. However,
the payment is often tardy. In any case, it cannot sustain the displaced families for long. These people do not possess
marketable skills to engage in some other accusation. They end up as low paid migrant laborers. Moreover, the
development goes to industries, industrialists and urban communities whereas the costs are passed on to these poor
helpless people. This unjust distribution of costs and benefits is unethical.
Suppose you have been entrusted with the task of drafting a better compensation-cum-rehabilitation policy for such
displaced persons, how would you approach the problem and what would be the main elements of your suggested
23. Suppose you are an officer in charge of implementing a social service scheme to provide support to old and
destitute women. An old and illiterate woman comes to you to avail the benefits of the scheme. However, she has
no documents to show that she fulfils the eligibility criteria. But after meeting her and listening to her you feel that
she certainly needs support. Your enquiries also show that she is really destitute and living in a pitiable condition.
You are in a dilemma as to what to do. Putting her under the scheme without necessary documents would clearly be
violation of rules. But denying her the support would be cruel and inhuman.
(a) Can you think of a rational way to resolve this dilemma?
(b) Give your reasons for it.
24. You are a young, aspiring
24. You are a young, aspiring and sincere employee in a Government office working as an assistant to the director
of your department. Since you have joined recently, you need to lean and progress. Luckily your superior is very
kind and ready to train you for your job. He is a very intelligent and well-informed person having knowledge of
various departments. In short, you respect your boss and are looking forward to lean a lot from him.
Since you have good tuning with the boss, he started depending on you. One day due to ill health he invited you at
his place for finishing some urgent work. You reached his house and before you could ring the bell you heard
shouting noises. You waited for a while. After entering the house the boss greeted you and explained the work. But
you were constantly disturbed by the crying of a woman. At last, you inquired with the boss but his answer did not
Next day, you were compelled to inquire further in the office and found out that his behavior is very bad at home
with his wife. He also beats up bit wife. His wife is not well educated and is a simple woman in comparison to her
husband. you see that though your boss is a nice person in the office, he is engaged in domestic violence at home.
In such a situation, you are left with the following options. Analyse each option with its consequences.
(a) Just ignore thinking about it because it is their personal matter.
(b) Repost the case to the appropriate authority.
(c) Your own innovative approach towards situation.
25. One of the scientists working in the R & D laboratory of a major pharmaceutical company discovers that one of
the company’s best selling veterinary drugs, B has the potential to cure a currently incurable liver disease that is
prevalent in tribal areas. However, developing a variant of the drug suitable for human beings entailed a lot of
research and development having a huge expenditure to the extent of f 50 crores. It was unlikely that the company
would recover the costs as the disease was rampant only in poverty-stricken area having very little market otherwise.
If you were the CEO, then—
(a) identify the various actions that you could take;
(b) evaluate the pros and cons of each of your actions.
26. There is a disaster-prone State having frequent landslides, forest fires, cloudbursts, flash floods and earthquakes,
etc. Some of these are seasonal and often unpredictable. The magnitude of the disaster is always unanticipated.
During one of the seasons, a cloudburst caused devastating floods and landslides leading to high casualties. There
was major damage to infrastructure like roads, bridges and power generating units. This led to more than 100000
pilgrims, tourists and other locals trapped across different routes and locations. The people trapped in your area of
responsibility included senior citizens, patients in hospitals, women and children, hikers, tourists, ruling party’s
regional president along with his family, additional chief secretary of the neighbouring State and prisoners in jail.
As a civil services officer of the State, what would be the order in which you would rescue these people and why?
27. You are heading a district administration in a particular department. Your senior officer calls you from the State
Headquarters and tells you that a plot in Rampur village is to have a building constructed on it for a school. A visit
is scheduled during which he will visit the site along with the chief engineer and the senior architect. He wants you
to check out all the papers relating to it and to ensure that the visit is properly arranged. You examine the file which relates to the period before you joined the department. The land was acquired from the local Panchayat at a nominal
cost and the papers show that clearance certificates are available from the two of the three authorities who have to
certify the site’s suitability. There is no certification by the architect available on file. You decide to visit Rampur
to ensure that all is in order as stated on file. When you visit Rampur, you find that the plot under reference is part
of Thakurgarh Fort and that the walls, ramparts, etc., are running across it. The fort is well away from the main
village, therefore a school here will be a serious inconvenience for the children. However, the area near the village
has potential to expand into a larger residential area. The development charges on the existing plot, at the fort, will
be very high and the question of heritage site has not been addressed. Moreover, the Sarpanch, at the time of
acquisition of the land, was a relative of your predecessor. The whole transaction appears to have been done with
some vested interest.
(a) List the likely vested interests of the concerned parties.
(b) Some of the options for action available to you are listed below. Discuss the merits and demerits of each of the
You can await the visit of the superior officer and let him take a decision.
You can seek his advice in writing or on phone.
You can consult your predecessor/colleagues, etc., and then decide what to do.
You can find out if any alternate plot can be got in exchange and then send a comprehensive written report. Can you
suggest any other option with proper justification?
28. You are recently posted as district development officer of a district. Shortly thereafter you found that there is
considerable tension in the rural areas of your district on the issue of sending girls to schools.
The elders of the village feel that many problems have come up because girls are being educated and they are
stepping out of the safe environment of the household. They are of the view that the girls should be quickly married
off with minimum education. The girls are also competing for jobs after education, which have traditionally
remained in boys’ exclusive domain, adding to unemployment amongst male population.
The younger generation feels that in the present era, girls should have equal opportunities for education and
employment, and other means of livelihood. The entire locality is divided between the elders and the younger lot
and further sub-divided between sexes in both generations. You come to know that in Panchayat or in other local
bodies or even in busy crossroads, the issue is being acrimoniously debated.
One day you are informed that an unpleasant incident has taken place. Some girls were molested, when they were
en route to schools. The incident led to clashes between several groups and a law and order problem has arisen. The
elders after heated discussion have taken a joint decision not to allow girls to go to school and to socially boycott
all such families, which do not follow their dictate.
(a) What steps would you take to ensure girls’ safety without disrupting their education?
(b) How would you manage and mould patriarchic attitude of the village elders to ensure harmony in the intergenerational relations?
29. A private company is known for its efficiency, transparency and employee welfare. The company though owned
by a private individual has a cooperative character where employees feel a sense of ownership. The company
employs nearly 700 personnel and they have voluntarily decided not to form a union.
One day suddenly in the morning, about 40 men belonging to a political party gatecrashed into the factory
demanding jobs in the factory. They threatened the management and employees, and also used foul language. The
employees feel demoralized. It was clear that those people who gate-crashed wanted to be on the payroll of the
company as well as continue as the volunteers/members of the party The company maintains high standards in
integrity and does not extend favours to civil administration that also includes law enforcement agency. Such
incidents occur in public sector also.
(a) Assume you are the CEO of the company. What would you do to diffuse the volatile situation on the date of
gate-crashing with the violent mob sitting inside the company premises?
(b) What could be the long-term solution to the issue discussed in the case?
(c) Every solution/action that you suggest will have a positive and a negative impact on you (as CEO), the employees
and the performance of the employees. Analyze the consequences of each of your suggested actions.
30. You are the Sarpanch of a Panchayat. There is a primary school run by the government in your area. Midday
meals are provided to the children attending the school. The Headmaster has now appointed a new cook in the school
to prepare the meals. However, when it is found that the cook is from Dalit community, almost half of the children
belonging to higher castes are not allowed to take meals by their parents. Consequently the attendance in the school
falls sharply. This could result in the possibility of discontinuation of midday meal scheme, thereafter of teaching
staff and subsequent closing down the school.
(a) Discuss some feasible strategies to overcome the conflict and to create right ambience.
(b) What should be the responsibilities of different social segments and agencies to create positive social ambience
for accepting such changes?
31. (i) Suppose you are the CEO of a company that manufactures specialized electronic equipment used by a
government department. You have submitted your bid for the supply of this equipment to the department. Both the
quality and cost of your offer are better than those of the competitors. Yet the concerned officer is demanding a
hefty bribe for approving the tender. Getting the order is important both for you and for your company. Not getting
the order would mean closing a production line. It may ay also affect your own career. However, as a valueconscious person, you do not want to give bribe.
(ii) Valid arguments can be advanced both for giving the bribe and getting the order, and for refusing to pay the
bribe and risking the loss of the order. What those arguments could be? Could there be any better way to get out of
this dilemma? If so, outline the main elements of this third way, pointing out its merits.
32. Rameshwar successfully cleared the prestigious civil services examination and was excited about the opportunity
that he would get through the civil services to serve the country. However, soon after joining the services, he realized
that things are not as rosy as he had imagined.
He found a number of malpractices prevailing in the department assigned to him. For example, funds under various
schemes and grants were being misapproved. The official facilities were frequently being used for personal needs
by the officers and staff. After sometime, he noticed that the process of recruiting the staff was also not up to the
mark. Prospective candidates were required to write an examination in which a lot of cheating was going on. Some
candidates were provided external help in the examination. Rameshwar brought these incidents to the notice of his
seniors. However, he was advised to keep his eyes, ears and mouth shut and ignore all these things which were
taking place with the connivance of the higher-ups. Rameshwar felt highly disillusioned and uncomfortable. He
comes to you seeking your advice.
Indicate various options that you think are available in this situation. How would you help him to evaluate these
options and choose the most appropriate path to be adopted?
33. In our country, the migration of rural people to towns and cities is increasing drastically. This is causing serious
problems both in the rural as well as in the urban areas. In fact, things are becoming really unmanageable. Can you
analyze this problem in detail and indicate not only the socio-economic but also the emotional and attitudinal factors
responsible for this problem? Also, distinctly bring out why:
(a) Educated rural youth are trying to shift to urban areas;
(b) Landless poor peiople are migrating to urban slums;
(c) Even some farmers are selling off their land and trying to settle in urban areas taking up petty jobs.
What feasible steps can you suggest which will be effective in controlling this serious problem of our country?
34. Now-a-days, there is an increasing thrust on economic development all around the globe. At the same time, there
is also an increasing concern about environmental degradation caused by development. Many a time, we face a
direct conflict between developmental activity and environmental quality. It is neither feasible to stop or curtail the
developmental process, nor it is advisable to keep degrading the environment, as it threatens our very survival.
Discuss some feasible strategies which could be adopted to eliminate this conflict and which could lead to
35. Suppose one of your close friends, who is also aspiring for civil services, comes to you for discussing some of
the issues related to ethical conduct in public service. He raises the following points:
In the present times, when unethical environment is quite prevalent, individual attempts to stick to ethical principles
may cause a lot of problems in one's career. It may also cause hardship to the family members as well as risk to
one's life. Why should we not be pragmatic and follow the path of least resistance, and be happy with doing whatever
good we can?
When so many people are adopting wrong means and are grossly harming the system, what difference would it
make if only a small minority tries to be ethical? They are going to be rather ineffective and are bound to get
If we become fussy about ethical considerations, will it not hamper the economic progress of our country? After all,
in the present age of high competition, we cannot afford to be left behind in the race of development.
It is understandable that we should not get involved in grossly unethical practices, but giving and accepting small
gratifications and doing small favours increases everybody's motivation. It also makes the system more efficient.
What is wrong in adopting such practices?
Critically analyze the above viewpoints. On the basis of this analysis, what will be your advice to your friend?
36. You are a no-nonsense, honest officer. You have been transferred to a remote district to head a department that
is notorious for its inefficiency and callousness. You find that the main cause of the poor state of affairs is the
indiscipline of a section of employees. They do not work themselves and also disrupt the working of others. You
first warned the troublemakers to mend their ways or else face disciplinary action. When the warning had little
effect, you issued a show cause notice to the ringleaders. As a retaliatory measure, these troublemakers instigated a
woman employee amongst them to file a complaint of sexual harassment against you with the Women's
Commission. The Commission promptly seeks your explanation. The matter is also publicized in the' media to
embarrass you further. Some of the options to handle this situation could be as follows:
Give your explanation to the Commission and go soft on the disciplinary action.
Ignore the Commission and proceed firmly with the disciplinary action.
Brief your higher-ups seek directions from them and act accordingly.
Suggest any other possible option(s). Evaluate all of them and suggest the best course of action, giving your reasons
37. So far as child labor norms for hazardous industries like firecrackers industry are concerned, International Labour
Organization (ILO) has set the minimum age as 18 years. In India, however, this age is 14 years. The units in
industrial clusters of firecrackers can be classified into registered and non-registered entities. One typical unit is
household based work
Though the law is clear on the use of child labour employment norms in registered/ non-registered units, it does not
include household based works. Household based work means children working under the supervision of their
parents/relative. To evade child labor norms, several units project themselves as household-based works but employ
children from outside.
Needless to say that employing children saves the costs for these units leading to higher profits to the owner. On
your visit to one of the units at Sivakasi, the owner takes you around the unit which has about 10-15 children below
14 years of age. The owner tells you that in his household-based unit, the children are all his relatives. You notice
that several children smirk, when the owner tells you this. On deeper enquiry, you figure out that neither the owner
nor the children are able to satisfactorily establish their relationship with each other.
(a) bring out and discuss the ethical issues involved in the above case.
(b) What would be your reaction after your above visit?
38. You are heading a leading technical institute of the country. The institute is planning to convene an interview
panel shortly under your chairmanship for selection of the post of professors. A few days before the interview, you
get a call from the Personal Secretary (PS) of a senior government functionary seeking your intervention in favor of
the selection of a close relative of the functionary for this post. The PS also informs you that he is aware of the long
pending and urgent proposal of our institute for grant of funds for modernization, which are awaiting the
functionary’s approval. He assures you that he would get these proposals cleared.
(a) What are the options available to you?
(b) Evaluate each of these options and choose the option which you would adopt, giving reasons.
39. As a senior officer in the Finance Ministry, you have access to some confidential and crucial information about
policy decisions that the Government is about to announce.
These decisions are likely to have farreaching impact on the housing and construction industry. If the builders have
access to this information beforehand, they can make huge profits. One of the builders has done a lot of quality work
for the Government and is known to be close to your immediate superior, who asks you to disclose this information
to the said builder.
(a) What are the options available to you?
(b) Evaluate each of these options and choose the options which you would adopt, giving reasons.
40. You are the Executive Director of an upcoming Infotech Company which is making a name for itself in the
market. Mr. A, who is a star performer, is heading the marketing team. In a short period of one year, he has helped
in doubling the revenues as well as creating a high brand equity for the company so much so that you are thinking
of promoting him.
However, you have been receiving information from many corners about his attitude towards the female colleagues;
particularly his habit of making loose comments on women. In addition, he regularly sends indecent SMS’ to all the
team members including his female colleagues. One day, late in the evening, Mrs. X, who is one of Mr. A’s Team
members, comes you visibly disturbed. She complains against the continued misconduct of Mr. A, who has been
making undesirable advances towards her and has even tried to touch her inappropriately in his cabin. She tenders
her resignation and leaves your office.
(a) What are the options available to you?
(b) Evaluate each of these options and choose the options you would adopt, giving reasons.
41. A Public Information Officer has received an application under RTI Act. Having gathered the information, the
PIO discovers that the information pertains to some of the decisions taken by him, which were found to be not
altogether right. There were other employees also who were party to these decisions. Disclosure of the information
is likely to lead to disciplinary action with possibility of punishment against him as well as some of his colleagues.
Non-disclosure or part disclosure or camouflaged disclosure of information will result into lesser punishment or no
The PIO is otherwise an honest and conscientious person but this particular decision, on which the RTI application
has been filed, turned out to be wrong. He comes to you for advice.
The following are some suggested options. Please evaluate the merits and demerits of each of the options:
The PIO could refer the matter to his superior officer and seek his advice and act strictly in accordance with the
advice, even though he is not completely in agreement with the advice of the superior.
The PIO could proceed on leave and leave the matter to be dealt by his successor in office or request for transfer of
the application to another PIO.
The PIO could weigh the consequences of disclosing the information truthfully, including the effect on his career,
and reply in a manner that would not place him or his career in jeopardy, but at the same time a little compromise
can be made on the contents of the information.
The PIO could consult his other colleagues who are party to the decision and take action as per their advice.
Also please indicate (without necessarily restricting to the above options) what you would like to advise, giving
42. You are working as an Executive Engineer in the construction cell of a Municipal Corporation and are presently
in-charge of the construction of a flyover. There are two Junior Engineers under you who have the responsibility of
day-to-day inspection of the site and are reporting to you, while you are finally reporting to the Chief Engineer who
heads the cell. While the construction is heading towards completion, the Junior Engineer have been regularly
reporting that all construction is taking place as per design specifications. However, in one of your surprise
inspections, you have noticed some serious deviations and lacunae which, in your opinion, are likely to affect the
safety of the flyover. Rectification of these lacunae at this stage would require a substantial amount of demolition
and rework which will cause a tangible loss to the contractor and will also delay completion. There is a lot of public
pressure on the Corporation to get this construction completed because of heavy traffic congestion in the area.
When you brought this matter to the notice of the Chief Engineer, he advised you that in his opinion it is not a very
serious lapse and may be ignored. He advised for further expediting the project for completion in time. However,
you are convinced that this was a serious matter which might affect public safety and should not be left unaddressed.
What will you do in such a situation?
Some of the options are given below. Evaluate the merits and demerits of each of these options and finally suggest
what course of action you would like to take, giving reasons.
Follow the advice of the Chief Engineer and go ahead.
Make exhaustive report of the situation bringing out all facts and analysis along with your own viewpoints stated
clearly and seek for written orders from the Chief Engineer.
Call for explanation from the Junior Engineers and issue orders to the contractor for necessary correction within
Highlight the issue so that it reaches superiors above the Chief Engineer.
Considering the rigid attitude of the Chief Engineer, seek transfer from the project or report sick.
1. Define the concept of carrying capacity of an ecosystem as relevant to an environment. Explain how
understanding this concept is vital while planning for sustainable development of a region.
2. Coastal sand mining, whether legal or illegal, poses one of the biggest threats to our environment.Analyze the impact of sand mining along the Indians coasts, citing specific examples.
3. Sikkim is the first ‘Organic State’ in India. What are the ecological and economical benefits of Organic
4. How does biodiversity vary in India? How is the Biological Diversity Act, 2002 helpful in conservation of flora and fauna?
5. What are the impediments disposing the huge quantities of discarded solid waste which are continuously
being generated? How do we remove safely the toxic wastes that have been accumulated in our habitable
6. What is wetland? Explain the Ramsar concept of ‘wise use’ in the context of wetland conservation. Cite
two examples of Ramsar sites from India.
7. ‘Climate change’ is a global problem. How India will be affected by climate change? How Himalayan
and coastal states of India will be affected by climate change?
8. Not many years ago, river linking was a concept but it is becoming reality in the country. Discuss the
advantages of river linking and its possible impact on the environment.
9. Rehabilitation of human settlements is one of the important environmental impacts which always attracts
controversy while planning major projects. Discuss the measures suggested for mitigation of this impact
while proposing major developmental projects.
10. Discuss the Namami Gange and National Mission for Clean Ganga (NMCG) programmes and causes
of mixed results from the previous schemes. What quantum leaps can help preserve the river Ganga better
than incremental inputs?
11. Environmental Impact Assessment studies are increasingly undertaken before a project is cleared by
the Government. Discuss the environmental impacts of coal-fired thermal plants located at coal pitheads.
12. Enumerate the National Water Policy of India. Taking river Ganges as an example, discuss the
strategies which may be adopted for river water pollution control and management. What are the legal
provisions of management and handling of hazardous wastes in India?
13. What are the consequences of Illegal mining? Discuss the Ministry of Environment and Forests’
concept of GO AND NO GO zones for coal mining sector
1. It is argued that the strategy of inclusive growth is intended to meet the objectives of inclusiveness and sustainability together. Comment on this statement
2. The public expenditure management is a challenge to the Government of India in context of budget making during the post liberalization period. Clarify it.
3. What are the reformative steps taken by the Government to make food grain distribution system more
4. Elaborate the policy taken by the Government of India to meet the challenges of the food processing
5. Enumerate the indirect taxes which have been subsumed in the goods and services tax (GST) in India.
Also, comment on the revenue implications of the GST introduced in India since July
6. Do you agree with the view that steady GDP growth and low inflation have left the Indian economy in
good shape? Give reasons in support of your arguments.
7. How would the recent phenomena of protectionism and currency manipulations in world trade affect
macroeconomic stability of India?
8. “Access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy is the sine qua non to achieve Sustainable
Development Goals (SDGs).” Comment on the progress made in India in this regard.
9. How are principles followed by the NITI Aayog different from those followed by erstwhile Planning
Commission in India?
10. Comment on the important changes introduced in respect of the Long Term Capital Gains Tax
(LTCGT) and Dividend Distribution Tax (DDT) in the Union Budget for 2018-2019.
11. Account for the failure of manufacturing sector in achieving the goal of labour-intensive exports.
Suggest measures for more labour-intensive rather than capital-intensive exports.
12. “Industrial growth rate has lagged behind in the overall growth of Gross-Domestic-Product (GDP) in
the post-reform period” Give reasons. How far the recent changes in Industrial Policy are capable of
increasing the industrial growth rate?
13. What are the salient features of ‘inclusive growth’? Has India been experiencing such a growth
process? Analyse and suggest measures for inclusive growth.
14. Among several factors for India’s potential growth, savings rate is the most effective one. Do you agree? What are the other factors available for growth potential?
15. Examine the development of Airports in India through joint ventures under Public – Private Partnership
(PPP) model. What are the challenges faced by the authorities in this regard.
16. What are the reasons for poor acceptance of cost-effective small processing unit? How the food
processing unit will be helpful to uplift the socio-economic status of poor farmers?
17. One of the intended objectives of Union-Budget 2017-18 is to ‘transform, energize and clean India’.
Analyze the measures proposed in the Budget 2017-18 to achieve the objective.
18. Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan Yojana (PMJDY) is necessary for bringing unbanked to the institutional
finance fold. Do you agree with this for financial inclusion of the poor section of the Indian society? Give
arguments to justify your opinion.
19. Justify the need for FDI for the development of the Indian economy. Why there is gap between MoUs
signed and actual FDIs? Suggest remedial steps to be taken for increasing actual FDIs in India.
20. Comment on the challenges for inclusive growth which include careless and useless manpower in the
Indian context. Suggest measures to be taken for facing these challenges.
21. Give an account of the current status and the targets to be achieved pertaining to renewable energy
sources in the country. Discuss in brief the importance of National Programme on Light Emitting Diodes
22. How globalization has led to the reduction of employment in the formal sector of the Indian economy?
Is increased informalization detrimental to the development of the country?
23. Women empowerment in India needs gender budgeting. What are the requirements and status of gender
budgeting in the Indian context?
24. What are ‘Smart Cities’? Examine their relevance for urban development in India. Will it increase
rural-urban differences? Give arguments for ’Smart Villages’ in the light of PURA and RURBAN Mission.
25. How can the ‘Digital India’ programme help farmers to improve farm productivity and income? What
steps has the Government taken in this regard?
26. “Success of ‘Make in India’ programme depends on the success of ‘Skill India’ programme and radical
labour reforms.” Discuss with logical arguments.
27. To what factors can the recent dramatic fall in equipment costs and tariff of solar energy be attributed?
What implications does the trend have for the thermal power producers and the related industry?
28. There is a clear acknowledgement that Special Economic Zones (SEZs) are a tool of industrial
development, manufacturing and exports. Recognising this potential, the whole instrumentality of SEZs
require augmentation. Discuss the issues plaguing the success of SEZs with respect to taxation, governing
laws and administration.
29. The nature of economic growth in India in recent times is often described as jobless growth. Do you
agree with this view? Give arguments in favour of your answer
30. In what way could replacement of price subsidy with Direct Benefit Transfer (DBT) change the
scenario of subsidies in India? Discuss
31. What are the impediments in marketing and supply chain management in developing the food
processing industry in India? Can e-commerce help in overcoming these bottlenecks?
32. Craze for gold in Indians has led to a surge in import of gold in recent years and put pressure on balance
of payments and external value of rupee. In view of this, examine the merits of Gold Monetization Scheme.
33. The Right to Fair Compensation and Transparency in Land Acquisition, Rehabilitation and
Resettlement Act, 2013 has come into effect from 1st January, 2014. What are the key issues which would
get addressed with the Act in place? What implications would it have on industrialization and agriculture
34. National Urban Transport Policy emphasises on ‘moving people’ instead of ‘moving vehicles’. Discuss
critically the success of the various strategies of the Government in this regard.
35. Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) in the defence sector is now set to be liberalized. What influence this
is expected to have on Indian defence and economy in the short and long run?
36. Should the pursuit of carbon credits and clean development mechanisms set up under UNFCCC-be
maintained even though there has been a massive slide in the value of a carbon credit? Discuss with respect
to India’s energy needs for economic growth.
37. Normally countries shift from agriculture to industry and then later to services, but India shifted directly
from agriculture to services. What are the reasons for the huge growth of services vis-à-vis industry in the
country? Can India become a developed country without a strong industrial base?
38. “While we flaunt India’s demographic dividend, we ignore the dropping rates of employability.” What
are we missing while doing so? Where will the jobs that India desperately needs come from? Explain.
39. Capitalism has guided the world economy to unprecedented prosperity. However, it often encourages
short-sightedness and contributes to wide disparities between the rich and the poor. In this light, would it
be correct to believe and adopt capitalism for bringing inclusive growth in India? Discuss.
40. Explain how Private Public Partnership arrangements, in long gestation infrastructure projects, can
transfer unsustainable liabilities to the future. What arrangements need to be put in place to ensure that
successive generations’ capacities are not compromised?
41. (a) Discuss the impact of FDI entry into Multi-trade retail sector on supply chain management in
commodity trade pattern of the economy.
(b) Though India allowed Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) in what is called multi-brand retail through the
joint venture route in September 2012, the FDI, even after a year, has not picked up. Discuss the reasons.
42. With a consideration towards the strategy of inclusive growth, the new Companies Bill, 2013 has
indirectly made CSR a mandatory obligation. Discuss the challenges expected in its implementation in
right earnest. Also discuss other provisions in the Bill and their implications.
43. What were the reasons for the introduction of Fiscal Responsibility and Budget Management (FRBM) Act, 2003? Discuss critically its salient features and their effectiveness.
44. Food Security Bill is expected to eliminate hunger and malnutrition in India. Critically discuss variousapprehensions in its effective implementation along with the concerns it has generated in WTO
45. Examine the impact of liberalization on companies owned by Indians. Are they competing with theMNCs satisfactorily? Discuss.
46. Discuss the rationale for introducing Goods and Services Tax (GST) in India. Bring out critically the reasons for the delay in roll out for its regime
1. Disaster preparedness is the first step in any disaster management process. Explain how hazard zonation mapping will help disaster mitigation in the case of landslides
2. Vulnerability is an essential element for defining disaster impacts and its threat to people. How and in
what ways can vulnerability to disasters be characterized? Discuss different types of vulnerability with
reference to disasters.
3. Describe various measures taken in India for Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) before and after signing
‘Sendai Framework for DRR (2015-30)’. How is this framework different from ‘Hyogo Framework for
4. On December 2004, tsunami brought havoc on fourteen countries including India. Discuss the factors
responsible for occurrence of tsunami and its effects on life and economy. In the light of guidelines of
NDMA (2010) describe the mechanisms for preparedness to reduce the risk during such events.
5. With reference to National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA) guidelines, discuss the measures
to be adopted to mitigate the impact of recent incidents of cloudbursts in many places of Uttarakhand.
6. The frequency of urban floods due to high intensity rainfall is increasing over the years. Discussing the
reasons for urban floods, highlight the mechanisms for preparedness to reduce the risk during such events.
7. The frequency of earthquakes appears to have increased in the Indian subcontinent. However, India’s
preparedness for mitigating their impact has significant gaps. Discuss various aspects.
8. Drought has been recognized as a disaster in view of its spatial expanse, temporal duration, slow onset
and lasting effects on vulnerable sections. With a focus on the September 2010 guidelines from the
National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA), discuss the mechanisms for preparedness to deal with
likely El Niño and La Niña fallouts in India.
9. How important are vulnerability and risk assessment for pre-disaster management? As an administrator,
what are key areas that you would focus on in a Disaster Management System.
1. Highlight the Central Asian and Greco-Bactrian elements in Gandhara art.
2. Assess the importance of the accounts of the Chinese and Arab travellers in the reconstruction of the history of India.
3. Safeguarding the Indian art heritage is the need of the moment. Discuss.
4. The Bhakti movement received a remarkable re-orientation with the advent of Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu. Discuss.
8. How do you justify the view that the level of excellence of the Gupta numismatic art is not at all noticeable in later times?
9. Krishnadeva Raya, the King of Vijayanagar, was not only an accomplished scholar himself but was also a great patron of learning and literature. Discuss.
10. Early Buddhist Stupa-art, while depicting folk motifs and narratives successfully expounds Buddhist
11. Mesolithic rock cut architecture of India not only reflects the cultural life of the times but also a fine
aesthetic sense comparable to modern painting. Critically evaluate this comment.
12. The ancient civilization in Indian sub-continent differed from those of Egypt, Mesopotamia and Greece
in that its culture and traditions have been preserved without a breakdown to the present day. Comment.
13. Taxila university was one of the oldest universities of the world with which were associated a number
of renowned learned personalities of different disciplines. Its strategic location caused its fame to flourish,
but unlike Nalanda, it is not considered as a university in the modern sense. Discuss.
14. Sufis and medieval mystic saints failed to modify either the religious ideas and practices or the outward
structure of Hindu / Muslim societies to any appreciable extent. Comment.
15. To what extent has the urban planning and culture of the Indus Valley Civilization provided inputs to
the present day urbanization? Discuss.
16. Gandhara sculpture owed as much to the Romans as to the Greeks. Explain.
17. (a) Discuss the ‘Tandava’ dance as recorded in early Indian inscriptions.
(b) Chola architecture represents a high watermark in the evolution of temple architecture. Discuss.
18. Though not very useful from the point of view of a connected political history of South India, the
Sangam literature portrays the social and economic conditions of its time with remarkable vividness.